TITLE

Oxidation of glycated phosphatidylethanolamines: evidence of oxidation in glycated polar head identified by LC-MS/MS

AUTHOR(S)
Simões, Cláudia; Simões, Vanda; Reis, Ana; Domingues, Pedro; Domingues, M. Rosário M.
PUB. DATE
July 2010
SOURCE
Analytical & Bioanalytical Chemistry;Jul2010, Vol. 397 Issue 6, p2417
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Phosphatidylethanolamine glycation occurs in diabetic patients and was found to be related with oxidative stress and with diabetic complications. Glycated phosphatidylethanolamines seem to increase oxidation of other molecules; however, the reason why is not understood. In this work, we have studied the oxidation of glycated phosphatidylethanolamines (1-palmitoyl-2-linoleoyl- sn-glycero-3-phosphatidylethanolamine (PLPE) and 1,2-dipalmitoyl- sn-glycero-3-phosphatidylethanolamine (dPPE)) using a Fenton system. Liquid chromatography–electrospray ionization (ESI)–mass spectrometry and ESI–tandem mass spectrometry in both positive and negative modes were used for detecting and identifying the oxidation products. We were able to identify several oxidation products with oxidation in unsaturated sn-2 acyl chain of PLPE, as long- and short-chain products with main oxidation sites on C-7, C-8, C-9, and C-12 carbons. Other products were identified in both glycated PLPE and glycated dPPE, revealing that oxidation also occurs in the glycated polar head. This fact has not been reported before. These products may be generated from oxidation of glycated phosphatidylethanolamines (PE) as Schiff base, leading to short-chain product without the amine moiety, due to cleavage of glycated polar head and long-chain product with two keto groups linked to the glycated polar head or from glycated PE as Amadori product, short-chain products with –NHCHO and –NHCHOHCHO terminal in polar head. Oxidation of glycated phosphatidylethanolamines occurred more quickly than the oxidation of non-glycated phosphatidylethanolamines probably because of the existence of more oxidation sites derived from glycation of polar head group. Monitoring glycated polar head oxidation could be important to evaluate oxidative stress modifications that occur in diabetic patients. [Figure not available: see fulltext.]
ACCESSION #
51880443

 

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