Quantification of UV-induced cyclobutane pyrimidine dimers using an oligonucleotide chip assay

Min Jung Kim; Su Chul Lee; Seong Ho Kang; Jaebum Choo; Joon Myong Song
July 2010
Analytical & Bioanalytical Chemistry;Jul2010, Vol. 397 Issue 6, p2271
Academic Journal
A lesion-specific enzyme-induced DNA strand break assay was developed for an oligonucleotide chip for the determination of UVB-induced cyclobutane pyrimidine dimers (CPDs). A 20-mer of fluorophore-labeled and biotinylated oligonucleotide was immobilized on the chip. CPDs in DNA on the chip were formed by UVB irradiation (312 nm). T4 endonuclease V (T4N5) was used to excise the CPD site as T4N5 sensitively and specifically detects CPDs. The fluorophore-labeled DNA fragments were detected by a laser-induced fluorescence (LIF) detection system. The number of CPDs induced by UVB was determined based on a mathematical equation obtained from a predetermined calibration curve. The yield of UVB-induced CPDs was 1.73 CPDs per megabase per (kJ/m2). The reliability of this value was proved by its similarity to reference values obtained from gel electrophoresis. The developed assay has strong potential to quantify most kinds of UV-induced DNA lesions.


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