Work-related stress and psychosomatic medicine

Nakao, Mutsuhiro
January 2010
BioPsychoSocial Medicine;2010, Vol. 4, p4
Academic Journal
This article introduces key concepts of work-related stress relevant to the clinical and research fields of psychosomatic medicine. Stress is a term used to describe the body's physiological and/or psychological reaction to circumstances that require behavioral adjustment. According to the Japanese National Survey of Health, the most frequent stressors are work-related problems, followed by health-related and then financial problems. Conceptually, work-related stress includes a variety of conditions, such as overwork, unemployment or job insecurity, and lack of work-family balance. Job stress has been linked to a range of adverse physical and mental health outcomes, such as cardiovascular disease, insomnia, depression, and anxiety. Stressful working conditions can also impact employee well-being indirectly by directly contributing to negative health behaviors or by limiting an individual's ability to make positive changes to lifestyle behaviors, such as smoking and sedentary behavior. Over the past two decades, two major job stress models have dominated the occupational health literature: the job demand-control-support model and the effort-reward imbalance model. In both models, standardized questionnaires have been developed and frequently used to assess job stress. Unemployment has also been reported to be associated with increased mortality and morbidity, such as by cardiovascular disease, stroke, and suicide. During the past two decades, a trend toward more flexible labor markets has emerged in the private and public sectors of developed countries, and temporary employment arrangements have increased. Temporary workers often complain that they are more productive but receive less compensation than permanent workers. A significant body of research reveals that temporary workers have reported chronic work-related stress for years. The Japanese government has urged all employers to implement four approaches to comprehensive mind/body health care for stress management in the workplace: focusing on individuals, utilizing supervisory lines, enlisting company health care staff, and referring to medical resources outside the company. Good communications between occupational health practitioners and physicians in charge in hospitals/clinics help employees with psychosomatic distress to return to work, and it is critical for psychosomatic practitioners and researchers to understand the basic ideas of work-related stress from the viewpoint of occupational health.


Related Articles

  • HIGH PRESSURE JOBS LINKED TO DEPRESSION AND ANXIETY.  // New Zealand Management;Sep2007, Vol. 54 Issue 8, p10 

    The article discusses research being done on the link between work-related stress and depression and anxiety. It references a study published in the journal "Psychological Medicine." The study included almost 900 32-year old Dunedin employees. It found that 14 percent of women and 10 percent of...

  • Tossing and turning.  // Pharmaceutical Representative;Aug2007, Vol. 37 Issue 8, p12 

    The article reports on the study, published in the July 2007 issue of "Sleep," that examines the association of insomnia to anxiety and depression. Under the research, the general health of 25,000 Norwegian adults were surveyed twice, first between 1984 and 1986, and second between 1995 and...

  • Burnout Components as Predictors of Job & Life Satisfaction of University Employees. Tarnini, Bahman Kord; Kord, Baqer // Indian Journal of Industrial Relations;Jul2011, Vol. 47 Issue 1, p126 

    This study explores the relationships of job burnout, life and job satisfaction among university employees from a sample of 170 (90 males and 80 females) employees, selected at random from University of Sistan and Baluchestan. Job Burnout Scale, Job Satisfaction Questionnaire and Life...

  • Desk Depression: A Business Risk. Holbrook, Emily // Risk Management (00355593);Jan/Feb2013, Vol. 60 Issue 1, p14 

    The article looks at depression which affects one in 10 adults in the U.S. It details studies which suggest that a stressful, time-consuming job could be a major risk factor for depression. Furthermore, the results of a 2012 study from Finnish researchers entitled "Overtime Work as a Predictor...

  • Britons are more depressed despite better lifestyle.  // Occupational Health;Apr2003, Vol. 55 Issue 4, p8 

    Deals with the prevalence of depression among the British in spite of better lifestyle according to an Institute of Education study. Scope of the survey; Likelihood of admitting anxiety and depression among men born in 1970; Problems in British marriages.

  • Inpatient and Day Hospital Treatment of Patients with Depression and Job-related Burnout. Meyer, Lisa Kristin; Lange, Sabine; Behringer, Johanna; Söllner, Wolfgang // Zeitschrift für Psychosomatische Medizin und Psychotherapie;Jun2016, Vol. 62 Issue 2, p134 

    Objective: Burnout is a process of physical and emotional exhaustion that often results in clinical depression. Detailed descriptions and evaluations of specialized psychosomatic treatment are rare. This pilot study investigates the feasibility of inpatient and day hospital treatment of patients...

  • The relationship between work stress and mental disorders in men and women: findings from a population-based study. Wang, J. L.; Lesage, A.; Schmitz, N.; Drapeau, A. // Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health;Jan2008, Vol. 62 Issue 1, p42 

    Objectives: This analysis estimated the gender-specific associations between work stress, major depression, anxiety disorders and any mental disorder, adjusting for the effects of demographic, socioeconomic, psychological and clinical variables. Methods: Data from the Canadian national mental...

  • A Survey of Quality of Life and Depression for Police Officers in Kaohsiung, Taiwan. Hsiu-Chao Chen; Chou, Frank; Ming-Chao Chen; Shu-Fang Su; Shing-Yaw Wang; Wen-Wei Feng; Pei-Chun Chen; Juin-Yang Lai; Shin-Shin Chao; Shiow-Lan Yang; Tung-Chieh Tsai; Kuan-Yi Tsai; Kung-Shih Lin; Chun-Ying Lee; Hung-Chi Wu // Quality of Life Research;Jun2006, Vol. 15 Issue 5, p925 

    Objective: The enormous job stress of police work may result in depression, which is highly correlated with work disability and poor quality of life. We investigated the quality of life, the probability of depression, and the related risk factors for police officers in Kaohsiung, Taiwan....

  • Depressive symptoms and psychosocial stress at work among older employees in three continents. Siegrist, Johannes; Lunau, Thorsten; Wahrendorf, Morten; Dragano, Nico // Globalization & Health;2012, Vol. 8 Issue 1, p27 

    Background: To assess whether an association of psychosocial stress at work with depressive symptoms among older employees is evident in a set of comparable empirical studies from Europe, North America and Asia. Methods: Cross-sectional and longitudinal multivariate regression analyses of data...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics