A gyrofluid description of Alfvénic turbulence and its parallel electric field

Bian, N. H.; Kontar, E. P.
June 2010
Physics of Plasmas;Jun2010, Vol. 17 Issue 6, p062308
Academic Journal
Anisotropic Alfvénic fluctuations with k∥/k⊥<1 remain at frequencies much smaller than the ion cyclotron frequency in the presence of a strong background magnetic field. Based on the simplest truncation of the electromagnetic gyrofluid equations in a homogeneous plasma, a model for the energy cascade produced by Alfvénic turbulence is constructed, which smoothly connects the large magnetohydrodynamics scales and the small “kinetic” scales. Scaling relations are obtained for the electromagnetic fluctuations, as a function of k⊥ and k∥. Moreover, a particular attention is paid to the spectral structure of the parallel electric field which is produced by Alfvénic turbulence. The reason is the potential implication of this parallel electric field in turbulent acceleration and transport of particles. For electromagnetic turbulence, this issue was raised some time ago in Hasegawa and Mima [J. Geophys. Res. 83, 1117 (1978)].


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