Surgical Treatment of Severe Colonic Inertia with Restorative Proctocolectomy

Thakur, Anjani; Fonkalsrud, Eric W.; Buchmiller, Terry; French, Samuel
January 2001
American Surgeon;Jan2001, Vol. 67 Issue 1, p36
Academic Journal
Patients with severe constipation due to colonic inertia who remain symptomatic after extensive medical therapy or partial colonic resection have occasionally been treated with ileostomy as a last resort. The hospital records of five patients with persistent symptomatic idiopathic colonic inertia were reviewed. Each of the patients had undergone extensive medical management, and eventually four underwent one or more colonic resections to relieve the recurrent abdominal distention and pain. Three of the patients eventually received a distal ileostomy, which functioned well. Anorectal manometric studies were within normal range for each of the five patients. Restorative proctocolectomy (J pouch) was therefore performed for each. With a mean follow-up of 42 months after restorative proctocolectomy each of the five patients was relieved of constipation and small bowel distention. The average number of bowel movements per 24 hours at 6 months was 4.8. All patients were able to discriminate flatus from stool, could hold back for up to 1.5 hours after the initial urge to defecate, and had total daytime continence. Each returned to work or school within 3 months, and each reported greater satisfaction with bowel function than with the ileostomy. Restorative proctocolectomy with a J pouch provides a satisfactory option for the management of patients with persistent abdominal distention and pain due to idiopathic colonic inertia.


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