Surgical Management for Chronic Pancreatitis

Howell, James G.; Johnson, Lester W.; Sehon, J. K.; Lee, W. Chapman
May 2001
American Surgeon;May2001, Vol. 67 Issue 5, p487
Academic Journal
This study reviewed the results of surgery for chronic pancreatitis. We also attempted to identify any factors that may influence outcome. A 10-year retrospective chart review was carried out on all patients undergoing surgery for the diagnosis of chronic pancreatitis. Twenty-three patients were identified. Alcohol was the most common etiology, but other causes were identified. All but two patients had abnormal ductal anatomy on endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography. A total of 23 patients underwent six different operations. There were five complications and no perioperative deaths. Only one patient had to be readmitted for pancreatitis during follow-up. The majority of patients reported some improvement with their pain. Patients who continued to use alcohol had the worst results in regard to weight gain and pain control. The results of our study are consistent with the current literature in regard to morbidity and mortality. Surgical treatment had minimal effect on endocrine and exocrine function. Weight loss was avoided in the majority of patients. Addition of biliary bypass to the Puestow procedure did not increase morbidity. Poorest results were obtained in patients who continued to use alcohol. A basic algorithm for management of this disease process is given.


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