Long-Term Results of Hepaticojejunostomy for Hepatolithiasis

Kusano, Toshiomi; Isa, Tsutomu; Muto, Yoshihiro; Otsubo, Mitsuji; Yasaka, Takahiro; Furukawa, Masato
May 2001
American Surgeon;May2001, Vol. 67 Issue 5, p442
Academic Journal
The results of a hepaticojejunostomy as a biliary-enteric bypass for benign disease are usually excellent. On the other hand, hepatolithiasis features a high rate of residual and recurrent stones with cholangitis after surgery. This study aims to evaluate the long-term results of a hepaticojejunostomy for hepatolithiasis regarding both the degree of the occurrence of postoperative cholangitis and the outcome. The clinical records of 159 patients with hepatolithiasis who underwent surgical treatment over a 23-year period were also retrospectively reviewed. Ninety-four of 159 patients underwent a hepatecetomy and 65 patients were subjected to liver-preserving surgery by means of intra- and postoperative endoscopic lithotripsy. In addition 72 patients underwent a hepaticojejunostomy. The rate of residual or recurrent stones was 31.4 per cent after complete stone removal. Twenty-two (30.6%) of the 72 patients developed some kind of cholangitis. This rate was significantly higher than that (three of 87 patients) of the non-biliary-enteric anastomosis group regarding the occurrence of biliary complications. We conclude that the use of a hepaticojejunostomy for patients with possible residual stones or intrahepatic bile duct lesions remains controversial.


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