Visceral Artery Aneurysms: Experience in a Tertiary-Care Center

Hossain, Azhar; Reis, Ernane D.; Dave, Sandeep P.; Kerstein, Morris D.; Hollier, Larry H.
May 2001
American Surgeon;May2001, Vol. 67 Issue 5, p432
Academic Journal
Visceral artery aneurysms (VAAs) often rupture and cause serious morbidity or death. The purpose of this study was to identify conditions associated with VAA in a series of 30 patients treated at our institution from 1988 through 1998. Demographics, types of aneurysms, associated conditions, diagnoses, treatments, and outcomes were recorded and analyzed. Thirty patients (16 men and 14 women) with VAA were identified. The arteries involved were splenic (eight), renal (ten), hepatic (nine), hypogastric (one), celiac (one), and pancreaticoduodenal (one). Five of eight (63%) splenic artery aneurysms occurred in women; however, gender was not a factor in other aneurysmal groups. Splenic artery aneurysm also was associated with cirrhosis in four of the eight (50%) patients. Five of the nine (56%) hepatic artery aneurysms were associated with cirrhosis; two of these were pseudoaneurysms that occurred after liver transplantation. Five of ten (50%) renal artery aneurysms were associated with juxtarenal abdominal aortic aneurysms. Celiac and pancreaticoduodenal aneurysms were associated with gastrointestinal bleeding. Treatments included surgery (19), embolization (eight), and observation alone (three). These data demonstrate that association with other conditions varies according to subgroups of VAA. Despite advances in diagnosis and therapy the heterogeneity of VAA suggests that management must remain individualized.


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