TITLE

INCIDENCE OF POSTOPERATIVE NAUSEA AND VOMITING IN PATIENTS AT A UNIVERSITY HOSPITAL. WHERE ARE WE TODAY?

AUTHOR(S)
Doubravska, Lenka; Dostalova, Katerina; Fritscherova, Sarka; Zapletalova, Jana; Adamus, Milan
PUB. DATE
March 2010
SOURCE
Biomedical Papers of the Medical Faculty of Palacky University i;2010, Vol. 154 Issue 1, p69
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Aim. To determine the incidence of postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV), identify risk factors, assess treatment and its effectiveness. Design. A prospective, observational, questionnaire- and interview-based study. Setting. Standard and intensive care units of the following university hospital departments: abdominal, thoracic and vascular surgery; gynecology; plastic and esthetic surgery; urology; and traumatology. Material and methods. Adult patients scheduled for elective surgery who gave informed consent were enrolled. A questionnaire-based study was performed on the first postoperative day. The collected data relevant to PONV were statistically analyzed. Conclusion. The incidence of PONV was significantly lower than generally presumed and was related to the patient gender, type of surgery and overall health status. PONV was more frequent in obese patients and when drugs antagonizing opioids or muscle relaxants were used. Early administration of antiemetic agents led to considerably less discomfort.
ACCESSION #
51642480

 

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