TITLE

Chlamydia trachomatis prevalence in undocumented migrants undergoing voluntary termination of pregnancy: a prospective cohort study

AUTHOR(S)
Wolff, Hans; Lourenço, Ana; Bodenmann, Patrick; Epiney, Manuella; Uny, Monique; Andreoli, Nicole; Irion, Olivier; Gaspoz, Jean-Michel; Dubuisson, Jean-Bernard
PUB. DATE
January 2008
SOURCE
BMC Public Health;2008, Vol. 8, p391
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Background: Chlamydia trachomatis infection (CTI) is the most frequent sexual transmitted disease (STI) in Switzerland but its prevalence in undocumented migrants is unknown. We aimed to compare CTI prevalence among undocumented migrants undergoing termination of pregnancy (ToP) to the prevalence among women with residency permit. Methods: This prospective cohort study included all pregnant, undocumented women presenting from March 2005 to October 2006 to the University hospital for ToP. The control group consisted of a systematic sample of pregnant women with legal residency permit coming to the same hospital during the same time period for ToP Results: One hundred seventy five undocumented women and 208 women with residency permit (controls) were included in the study. Mean ages were 28.0 y (SD 5.5) and 28.2 y (SD 7.5), respectively (p = 0.77). Undocumented women came primarily from Latin-America (78%). Frequently, they lacked contraception (23%, controls 15%, OR 1.8, 95% CI 1.04;2.9). Thirteen percent of undocumented migrants were found to have CTI (compared to 4.4% of controls; OR 3.2, 95% CI 1.4;7.3). Conclusion: This population of undocumented, pregnant migrants consisted primarily of young, Latino-American women. Compared to control women, undocumented migrants showed higher prevalence rates of genital CTI, which indicates that health professionals should consider systematic screening for STI in this population. There is a need to design programs providing better access to treatment and education and to increase migrants' awareness of the importance of contraception and transmission of STI.
ACCESSION #
51491805

 

Related Articles

  • Opportunistic screening for genital chlamydial infection. II: Prevalence among healthcare attenders, outcome, and evaluation of positive cases. Pimenta, J.M.; Catchpole, M.; Rogers, P.A.; Hopwood, J.; Randall, S.; Mallinson, H.; Perkins, E.; Jackson, N.; Carlisle, C.; Hewitt, G.; Underhill, G.; Gleave, T.; McLean, L.; Ghosh, A.; Tobin, J.; Harindra, V. // Sexually Transmitted Infections;Feb2003, Vol. 79 Issue 1, p22 

    Studies the prevalence and treatment outcomes among young women screened for Chlamydia trachomatis. Prevalence higher in younger women; Role of project health advisers in managing results and coordinating treatment of positive individuals; Improving awareness and education about sexually...

  • Adolescence and the other risk factors for Chlamydia trachomatis genitourinary infection in women in Melbourne, Australia. Williams, H.; Tabrizi, S.N.; Lee, W.; Kovacs, G.T.; Garland, S. // Sexually Transmitted Infections;Feb2003, Vol. 79 Issue 1, p31 

    Discusses the prevalence of and risk factors for Chlamydia trachomatis infection to determine the role of universal versus targeted testing. High prevalence of C. trachomatis indicating that universal testing should be undertaken in the inner city clinic; Young age may not be a risk factor for...

  • Pilot study of the utility and acceptability of tampon sampling for the diagnosis of Neisseria gonorrhoeae and Chlamydia trachomatis infections by duplex realtime polymerase chain reaction in United Kingdom sex workers. Kimmitt, P. T.; Tabrizi, S. N.; Crosatti, M.; Garland, S. M.; Schober, P. C.; Rajakumar, K.; Chapman, C. A. // International Journal of STD & AIDS;Apr2010, Vol. 21 Issue 4, p279 

    We aimed to evaluate the acceptability of self-collected tampon samples for the screening of female sex workers for sexually transmitted infections. We recruited 65 sex workers, and 63 agreed to provide tampon samples. The tampon samples were processed by realtime polymerase chain reaction (PCR)...

  • Factors influencing women's views on the acceptability and experience of being opportunistically screened for Chlamydia trachomatis in hospital settings. McMillan, L. E. J.; Norman, J. E.; Murray, K.; Reid, M. E. // International Journal of STD & AIDS;Dec2006, Vol. 17 Issue 12, p821 

    A subsample of 681 women participating in a two-centred, three-setting larger (2817) prevalence study were approached and, with consent, administered a questionnaire by post or in person. The questionnaire asked about their views of opportunistic screening for Chlamydia trachomatis (CT). The...

  • Testing of Introital Samples for Chlamydia and Trichomonas. Apgar, Barbara // American Family Physician;11/15/1996, Vol. 54 Issue 7, p2291 

    Focuses on Chlamydia Trachomatis and Trichomonas vaginalis, the common sexually transmitted infections associated with adverse pregnancy outcome. Comparison on the usefulness of introital and endocervical specimens in the detection of chlamydial and trichomonal infections; How the infections...

  • Prevalence of Chlamydia trachomatis infection in women having cervical smear tests. Smith, J.R.; Murdoch, J.; Carrington, D.; Frew, C.E.; Dougall, A.J.; MacKinnon, H.; Baillie, D.; Byford, D.M.; Forrest, C.A.; Davis, J.A. // BMJ: British Medical Journal (International Edition);1/12/91, Vol. 302 Issue 6768, p82 

    Examines the prevalence of Chlamydia trachomatis infection in women having cervical smear tests in Glasgow, Scotland. Determination of sexually transmitted infections; Measurement on the rates of chlamydia antibodies; Factors contributing to the prevalence of the infection.

  • Literature Reviews. Braverman, Paula K. // Clinical Pediatrics;Jun2000, Vol. 39 Issue 6, p378 

    Presents information on a study which assessed the incident of Chlamydia trachomatis infections among adolescent females in the United States. Methodology of the study; Factors related to the infection; Clinical symptoms of the sexually transmitted disease; Medical diagnosis.

  • Brief Encounters. Shahmanesh, Mohsen // Sexually Transmitted Infections;Aug2002, Vol. 78 Issue 4, p227 

    Introduces a series of articles concerning sexually transmitted disease, featured in the August 2002 issue of periodical 'Sexually Transmitted Infections.' Merits of nucleic acid amplification tests for the detection of Chlamydia trachomatis; Use of the rapid plasma reagin test to diagnose...

  • Bilateral groove sign with penoscrotal elephantiasis. Aggarwal, K.; Jain, V.K.; Gupta, S. // Sexually Transmitted Infections;Dec2002, Vol. 78 Issue 6, p458 

    Reports on lymphogranuloma venereum, a sexually transmitted disease of the lymph channels caused by Chlamydia trachomatis. Manifestation of the infection in the scrotum, penis or vulva; Enlargement of femoral lymph nodes in penoscrotal elephantiasis; Findings of the physical examination.

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of VIRGINIA BEACH PUBLIC LIBRARY AND SYSTEM

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics