Cancer mortality differences among urban and rural residents in Lithuania

Smailyte, Giedre; Kurtinaitis, Juozas
January 2008
BMC Public Health;2008, Vol. 8 Issue 1, p56
Academic Journal
Background: The aim of this study was to describe and to compare the cancer mortality rates in urban and rural residents in Lithuania. Methods: Cancer mortality has been studied using the materials of the Lithuanian cancer registry. For the period 1993-2004 age-standardized urban and rural population mortality rates (World standard) were calculated for all malignant neoplasm's and for stomach, colorectal, lung, prostate, breast and cervical cancers. The annual percentage change (APC) was calculated using log-linear regression model, two-sided Mantel-Haenzel test was used to evaluate differences in cancer mortality among rural and urban populations. Results: For males in rural population cancer mortality was higher than in urban (212.2 and 197.0 cases per 100000) and for females cancer mortality was higher in urban population (103.5 and 94.2 cases per 100000, p < 0.05). During the study period the age-standardized mortality rates decreased in both sexes in urban residents. The decreasing mortality trend in urban population was contributed by decline of the rates of lung and stomach cancer in male and breast, stomach and colorectal cancer in female. Mortality rates in both urban and rural population were increasing for prostate and cervical cancers. Conclusion: This study shows that large rural and urban inequalities in cancer mortality exist in Lithuania. The contrast between the health of residents in urban and rural areas invites researchers for research projects to develop, implement, and enhance cancer prevention and early detection intervention strategies for rural populations.


Related Articles

  • Screening Outcomes in Older US Women Undergoing Multiple Mammograms in Community Practice: Does Interval, Age, or Comorbidity Score Affect Tumor Characteristics or False Positive Rates? Braithwaite, Dejana; Zhu, Weiwei; Hubbard, Rebecca A.; O'Meara, Ellen S.; Miglioretti, Diana L.; Geller, Berta; Dittus, Kim; Moore, Dan; Wernli, Karen J.; Mandelblatt, Jeanne; Kerlikowske, Karla // JNCI: Journal of the National Cancer Institute;3/6/2013, Vol. 105 Issue 5, p334 

    Background Uncertainty exists about the appropriate use of screening mammography among older women because comorbid illnesses may diminish the benefit of screening. We examined the risk of adverse tumor characteristics and false positive rates according to screening interval, age, and...

  • Most breast cancer deaths occurred in unscreened women.  // Hem/Onc Today;11/25/2013, Vol. 14 Issue 22, p60 

    The author comments on a study M. L. Webb et al and published in a 2013 issue of "Cancer," which found that most breast cancer deaths occurred in women who had not been screened.

  • Incidence and mortality data from WHI. Elliott, William T. // Alternative Medicine Alert;Dec2010 Supplement, p2 

    The article discusses a Women's Health Initiative (WHI) study, which found that estrogen plus progesterone was associated with a higher breast cancer incidence, and that breast cancer mortality was higher in the combined hormone group.

  • Erratum.  // JNCI: Journal of the National Cancer Institute;Dec2014, Vol. 107 Issue 1, p1 

    A correction to the article "Pan-Canadian Study of Mammography Screening and Mortality From Breast Cancer" that was published in a 2014 issue of the "Journal of the National Cancer Institute" is presented.

  • Comparison of Artificial Neural Network with Logistic Regression as Classification Models for Variable Selection for Prediction of Breast Cancer Patient Outcomes. Bourd�s, Val�rie; Bonnevay, St�phane; Lisboa, Paolo; Defrance, R�my; P�rol, David; Chabaud, Sylvie; Bachelot, Thomas; Gargi, Th�r�se; N�grier, Sylvie // Advances in Artificial Neural Systems;2010, p1 

    The aim of this study was to compare multilayer perceptron neural networks (NNs) with standard logistic regression (LR) to identify key covariates impacting on mortality from cancer causes, disease-free survival (DFS), and disease recurrence using Area Under Receiver-Operating Characteristics...

  • Pre-existing diabetes linked to all-cause mortality in breast cancer. Ellis, Brian; Fisher, Stacey L.; Foster, Melissa; Kalvaitis, Katie; Sharer, Emily // Endocrine Today;Mar2011, Vol. 9 Issue 3, p51 

    The article discusses research done on the link between pre-existing diabetes and all-cause mortality in breast cancer by K. Peairs and colleagues, published in a 2010 issue of the "Journal of Clinical Oncology."

  • Annual mammography did not reduce breast cancer mortality.  // Hem/Onc Today;4/25/2014, Vol. 15 Issue 8, p1 

    The article discusses the 25-year follow-up of a randomized study that found similar breast cancer mortality to have been experienced by women aged 40 to 59 years who underwent annual mammograms as those who have undergone physical examination or usual care.

  • Cancer Mortality Pattern in Lagos University Teaching Hospital, Lagos, Nigeria. Akinde, Olakanmi Ralph; Phillips, Adekoyejo Abiodun; Oguntunde, Olubanji Ajibola; Afolayan, Olatunji Michael // Journal of Cancer Epidemiology;1/5/2015, Vol. 2015, p1 

    Background. Cancer is a leading cause of death worldwide and about 70% of all cancer deaths occurred in low- and middle-income countries. The cancer mortality pattern is quite different in Africa compared to other parts of the world. Extensive literature research showed little or no information...

  • Breast screening benefits twice as many women as it harms. Kmietowicz, Zosia // BMJ: British Medical Journal (Overseas & Retired Doctors Edition;4/10/2010, Vol. 340 Issue 7750, p779 

    The article discusses a research study on the benefit of mammography in reducing the number of mortality from breast cancer. It references a study published in a 2010 issue of the "Journal of Medical Screening." It states that the researchers also considered data from the Swedish two country...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics