TITLE

Determinants of health-related quality of life in elderly in Tehran, Iran

AUTHOR(S)
Schröttner, Joerg; Leitgeb, Norbert
PUB. DATE
January 2008
SOURCE
BMC Public Health;2008, Vol. 8 Issue 1, p323
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Background: As Iran started to experience population ageing, it is important to consider and address the elderly people's needs and concerns, which might have direct impacts on their wellbeing and quality of life. There have been only a few researches into different aspects of life of the elderly population in Iran including their health-related quality of life. The purpose of this study was to measure health-related quality of life (HRQoL) of elderly Iranians and to identify its some determinant factors. Methods: This was a cross-sectional survey of a random sample of community residents of Tehran aged 65 years old and over. HRQoL was measured using the Short From Health Survey (SF-36). The study participants were interviewed at their homes. Uni-variate analysis was performed for group comparison and logistic regression analysis conducted to predict quality of life determinants. Results: In all, 400 elderly Iranian were interviewed. The majority of the participants were men (56.5%) and almost half of the participants were illiterate (n = 199, 49.8%). Eighty-five percent of the elderly were living with their family or relatives and about 70% were married. Only 12% of participants evaluated their economic status as being good and most of people had moderate or poor economic status. The mean scores for the SF-36 subscales ranged from 70.0 (SD = 25.9) for physical functioning to 53.5 (SD = 29.1) for bodily pain and in general, the respondents significantly showed better condition on mental component of the SF-36 than its physical component (mean scores 63.8 versus 55.0). Performing uni-variate analysis we found that women reported significantly poorer HRQoL. Multiple logistic regression analysis showed that for the physical component summary score of the SF-36, age, gender, education and economic status were significant determinants of poorer physical health-related quality of life; while for the mental component summary score only gender and economic status were significant determinants of poorer mental health-related quality of life. The analysis suggested that the elderly people's economic status was the most significant predictor of their HRQoL. Conclusion: The study findings, although with a small number of participants, indicate that elderly people living in Tehran, Iran suffer from relatively poor HRQoL; particularly elderly women and those with lower education. Indeed to improve quality of life among elderly Iranians much more attention should be paid to all aspects of their life including their health, and economic status
ACCESSION #
51486819

 

Related Articles

  • The relationship between health-related fitness and quality of life in postmenopausal women from Southern Taiwan. Wei-Hsiu Hsu; Chi-lung Chen; Liang Tseng Kuo; Chun-Hao Fan; Lee, Mel S.; Robert Wen-Wei Hsu // Clinical Interventions in Aging;2014, Vol. 9, p1573 

    Background: Health-related fitness has been reported to be associated with improved quality of life (QoL) in the elderly. Health-related fitness is comprised of several dimensions that could be enhanced by specific training regimens. It has remained unclear how various dimensions of...

  • Assessment of Healthy Lifestyle among Elderly in Isfahan, Iran. Babak, Anahita; Davari, Soheila; Aghdak, Pejman; Pirhaji, Omid // Journal of Isfahan Medical School;10/3/2011, Vol. 29 Issue 149, p1 

    Background: Medical and health advances have led to relative increases in human longevity and the elderly population. Common diseases in the elderly can be prevented by healthy lifestyle. Identifying the current status of seniors is necessary to design educational intervention programs to...

  • Sustainable Development of the Life Quality for the Elderly by Applying Sufficiency Economy-Based Schooling. Boonphadung, Suttipong; Seubsang, Pintipa // International Proceedings of Economics Development & Research;2012, Vol. 41, p48 

    This research aims to investigate life quality of the elderly by applying Sufficiency Economy Based Schooling. The purposes of this research are to (1) study the level of life quality of the elderly and (2) set up guidelines to enhance life quality of the elderly. The samples in the study were...

  • System Implementation, Work Life Quality and the Third Stage of Pathology Career Path (Maintenance) among Esfahan Steel Company Staff. Taheri, Fateme; Siadat, Seyyedali; Mohammadisadr, Mohammad // International Journal of Academic Research in Business & Social ;Feb2013, Vol. 3 Issue 2, p1 

    The current study aims to examine the relation between work life quality (structural-managerial, psychological, and social) and the third stage of career path (maintenance) among Esfahan Steel Company staff. The research method used was descriptive/correlational. The research population...

  • The course of mental health after miscarriage and induced abortion: a longitudinal, five-year follow-up study. Nordal Broen, Anne; Moum, Torbjørn; Sejersted Bødtker, Anne; Ekeberg, Øivind // BMC Medicine;2005, Vol. 3, p18 

    Background: Miscarriage and induced abortion are life events that can potentially cause mental distress. The objective of this study was to determine whether there are differences in the patterns of normalization of mental health scores after these two pregnancy termination events. Methods:...

  • Change in health status in long-term conditions over a one year period: a cohort survey using patient-reported outcome measures. Peters, Michele; Crocker, Helen; Dummett, Sarah; Jenkinson, Crispin; Doll, Helen; Fitzpatrick, Ray // Health & Quality of Life Outcomes;2014, Vol. 12 Issue 1, p1 

    Background Enhancing quality of life for people with long-term conditions by monitoring patient-reported outcome measure scores is a key domain of health care policy. This study investigated the responsiveness of patient-reported outcome measures for long-term conditions. Methods A cohort survey...

  • The Quality of Life of Muar River Community and Socio-economic Factors That Impinge it. Yassin, Sulaiman M.; Mohamed Shaffril, Hayrol Azril; Hassan, Md. Salleh; Mohd Shahwahid Othman; Samah, Bahaman Abu; Abu Samah, Asnarulkhadi // Australian Journal of Basic & Applied Sciences;2010, Vol. 4 Issue 10, p5362 

    Quality of life is indeed an important contributor for rural community development in Malaysia and this study would like to investigate the quality of life of the community who are living near to the one of the major rivers in Malaysia; The Muar River. This is a quantitative study, through a...

  • Does the impact of urinary incontinence on quality of life differ based on age? Brazell, Hema D.; O’Sullivan, David M.; LaSala, Christine A. // International Urogynecology Journal;Dec2013, Vol. 24 Issue 12, p2077 

    Introduction and hypothesis: The purpose of this study was to evaluate if the impact of urinary incontinence (UI) on quality of life (QOL) differs between women based on age. Methods: A retrospective review of patients presenting for the management of UI was performed. Patients with UI and their...

  • POH02 Impact of chronic vs episodic migraine on disability, health-related quality of life and healthcare resource utilisation in the UK. P J Goadsby // Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery & Psychiatry;Nov2010, Vol. 81 Issue 11, pe51 

    OBJECTIVE: Compare impact of chronic migraine (CM) to episodic migraine (EM) on headache-related disability, HRQoL, and healthcare resource utilisation patterns in the UK. METHODS: Cross-sectional data were collected via web-based survey. Respondents were classified as having CM>15 headache...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of THE LIBRARY OF VIRGINIA

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics