Determinants of health-related quality of life in elderly in Tehran, Iran

Schröttner, Joerg; Leitgeb, Norbert
January 2008
BMC Public Health;2008, Vol. 8 Issue 1, p323
Academic Journal
Background: As Iran started to experience population ageing, it is important to consider and address the elderly people's needs and concerns, which might have direct impacts on their wellbeing and quality of life. There have been only a few researches into different aspects of life of the elderly population in Iran including their health-related quality of life. The purpose of this study was to measure health-related quality of life (HRQoL) of elderly Iranians and to identify its some determinant factors. Methods: This was a cross-sectional survey of a random sample of community residents of Tehran aged 65 years old and over. HRQoL was measured using the Short From Health Survey (SF-36). The study participants were interviewed at their homes. Uni-variate analysis was performed for group comparison and logistic regression analysis conducted to predict quality of life determinants. Results: In all, 400 elderly Iranian were interviewed. The majority of the participants were men (56.5%) and almost half of the participants were illiterate (n = 199, 49.8%). Eighty-five percent of the elderly were living with their family or relatives and about 70% were married. Only 12% of participants evaluated their economic status as being good and most of people had moderate or poor economic status. The mean scores for the SF-36 subscales ranged from 70.0 (SD = 25.9) for physical functioning to 53.5 (SD = 29.1) for bodily pain and in general, the respondents significantly showed better condition on mental component of the SF-36 than its physical component (mean scores 63.8 versus 55.0). Performing uni-variate analysis we found that women reported significantly poorer HRQoL. Multiple logistic regression analysis showed that for the physical component summary score of the SF-36, age, gender, education and economic status were significant determinants of poorer physical health-related quality of life; while for the mental component summary score only gender and economic status were significant determinants of poorer mental health-related quality of life. The analysis suggested that the elderly people's economic status was the most significant predictor of their HRQoL. Conclusion: The study findings, although with a small number of participants, indicate that elderly people living in Tehran, Iran suffer from relatively poor HRQoL; particularly elderly women and those with lower education. Indeed to improve quality of life among elderly Iranians much more attention should be paid to all aspects of their life including their health, and economic status


Related Articles

  • Visceral obesity is not an independent risk factor of mortality in subjects over 65 years. Thomas, Frédérique; Pannier, Bruno; Benetos, Athanase; Vischer, Ulrich M. // Vascular Health & Risk Management;2013, Vol. 9, p739 

    The aim of the study was to determine the role of obesity evaluated by body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), and their combined effect on all-cause mortality according to age and related risk factors. This study included 119,090 subjects (79,325 men and 39,765 women), aged from 17...

  • Calidad de Vida y Condiciones de Salud en Adultos Mayores no Institucionalizados en Cali, Colombia. Ramírez-Vélez, Róbinson; Agredo, Ricardo A.; Jerez, Alejandra M.; Chapal, Liliam Y. // Revista de Salud Pública;ago2008, Vol. 10 Issue 4, p529 

    Aims Studying the quality of life and conditions of health for non-institutionalised elderly patients. Methods This was a cross-sectional study of elderly people aged over 65 years having no physical or psychic limitation disturbing communication between patient and doctor. The patients filled...

  • What Makes a Community Age-friendly? Conceptualizing Livability through Mapping. Shank, Kendra Heatwole // International Journal of Aging & Society;Mar2017, Vol. 7 Issue 1, p61 

    As the number of older adults who live at home throughout later life increases, it is important to understand what makes a community livable--or "agefriendly"--for an aging population. We do not adequately understand dimensions of community participation in relation to older adults' overall...

  • Quality of life is substantially worse for community-dwelling older people living with frailty: systematic review and meta-analysis. Crocker, Thomas F.; Brown, Lesley; Clegg, Andrew; Farley, Katherine; Franklin, Matthew; Simpkins, Samantha; Young, John // Quality of Life Research;Aug2019, Vol. 28 Issue 8, p2041 

    Purpose: Frailty is an important predictor of adverse health events in older people, and improving quality of life (QOL) is increasingly recognised as a focus for services in this population. This systematic review synthesised evidence of the relationship between frailty and QOL in...

  • Effect of Qigong on quality of life: a cross-sectional population-based comparison study in Taiwan. Tsung-Jung Ho; Christiani, David C.; Tso-Chiang Ma; Tsong-Rong Jang; Chih-Hui Lieng; Yi-Chun Yeh; Shinn-Zong Lin; Jaung-Geng Lin; Jim-Shoung Lai; Tzuo-Yun Lan // BMC Public Health;2011, Vol. 11 Issue 1, p546 

    Background: Qigong, similar to Tai Chi Chuan, is beneficial to health. In Taiwan, Waitankung, a type of Qigong, is as popular as Tai Chi Chuan. This population-based comparison study compares the health-related quality of life between people practicing Waitankung and their comparable community...

  • Outcomes of the Nutri-Senex Project: A Co-Ordination Action Funded by the European Commission. Elmadfa, I.; Freisling, H.; Kueck, M.; Matullat, I.; Hall, G.; Azpiroz, A.; Kiely, M. // Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism;Mar2008 Supplement, Vol. 52, p72 

    This project’s primary aim is to contribute to the improvement of the quality of life of the elderly. The state of the art in age-related research and technology, to highlight the most promising areas for development, has been documented in an extensive literature report. A research...

  • Quality of Life, Food Choice and Meal Patterns – Field Report of a Practitioner. Hoffmann, Alfred T. // Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism;Mar2008 Supplement, Vol. 52, p20 

    Quality of life is defined as the result of combining personal resources, control of the environment, personal values, and actual living conditions. Balanced nutrition is an important condition for quality of life, health and well-being. During the course of life everyone develops his very...

  • Effects of Intermittent Hypoxia on Cognitive Performance and Quality of Life in Elderly Adults: A Pilot Study. Schega, Lutz; Peter, Beate; Törpel, Alexander; Mutschler, Harry; Isermann, Berend; Hamacher, Dennis // Gerontology;Jun2013, Vol. 59 Issue 4, p316 

    Background: Physical exercise has a positive effect on cognitive performance and quality of life (QoL). One reason for this is the upregulation of brain-derived neurotrophic factor, which improves brain plasticity. Intermittent hypoxia promotes first the proliferation of endogenous...

  • Biomechanics of the Ageing Foot and Ankle: A Mini-Review. Menz, Hylton B. // Gerontology;Jun2015, Vol. 61 Issue 4, p381 

    Foot pain is highly prevalent in older people and has a significant detrimental impact on mobility and quality of life. In recent years, there has been increased interest in exploring the biomechanical factors that may contribute to the development of foot disorders and the associated impairment...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics