TITLE

Waist circumference and waist-to-height ratio of Hong Kong Chinese children

AUTHOR(S)
Hetzel, Manuel W.; Obrist, Brigit; Lengeler, Christian; Msechu, June J.; Nathan, Rose; Dillip, Angel; Makemba, Ahmed M.; Mshana, Christopher; Schulze, Alexander; Mshinda, Hassan
PUB. DATE
January 2008
SOURCE
BMC Public Health;2008, Vol. 8, p324
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Background: Central body fat is a better predictor than overall body fat for cardiovascular (CV) risk factors in both adults and children. Waist circumference (WC) has been used as a proxy measure of central body fat. Children at high CV risk may be identified by WC measurements. Waist-to-height ratio (WHTR) has been proposed as an alternative, conveniently age-independent measure of CV risk although WHTR percentiles have not been reported. We aim to provide age- and sex-specific reference values for WC and WHTR in Hong Kong Chinese children. Methods: Cross sectional study in a large representative sample of 14,842 children aged 6 to 18 years in 2005/6. Sex-specific descriptive statistics for whole-year age groups and smoothed percentile curves of WC and WHTR were derived and presented. Results: WC increased with age, although less after age 14 years in girls. WHTR decreased with age (particularly up to age 14). WHTR correlated less closely than WC with BMI (r = 0.65, 0.59 cf. 0.93, 0.91, for boys and girls respectively). Conclusion: Reference values and percentile curves for WC and WHRT of Chinese children and adolescents are provided. Both WC and WHTR are age dependent. Since the use of WHRT does not obviate the need for age-related reference standards, simple WC measurement is a more convenient method for central fat estimation than WHRT.
ACCESSION #
51486811

 

Related Articles

  • A cluster randomised school-based lifestyle intervention programme for the prevention of childhood obesity and related early cardiovascular disease (JuvenTUM 3). Siegrist, Monika; Hanssen, Henner; Lammel, Christoph; Haller, Bernhard; Halle, Martin // BMC Public Health;2011, Vol. 11 Issue 1, p258 

    Background: Childhood obesity is not only associated with adult obesity but also with increased risk of adult onset of type 2 diabetes and subsequent coronary heart disease. The potential effects of school-based health intervention programmes on cardiovascular risk and surrogate markers are...

  • Early evidence of ethnic differences in cardiovascular risk: cross sectional comparison of British South Asian and white children. Whincup, Peter H; Gilg, Julie A; Papacosta, Olia; Seymour, Carol; Miller, George J; Alberti, K G M M; Cook, Derek G // BMJ: British Medical Journal (International Edition);3/16/2002, Vol. 324 Issue 7338, p635 

    Abstract Objectives: To examine whether British South Asian children differ in insulin resistance, adiposity, and cardiovascular risk profile from white children. Design: Cross sectional study. Setting: Primary schools in 10 British towns. Participants: British children aged 8 to 11 years (227...

  • Ceruloplasmina y su importancia clínica como factor indicador del riesgo cardiovascular en una población de escolares de Granada. Aguilar Cordero, M. J.; González Jiménez, E.; Perona, J. S.; Álvarez Ferre, J.; Padilla López, C. A.; Rivas García, F.; Katarzyna, P.; Ocete Hita, E. // Nutricion Hospitalaria;may/jun2011, Vol. 26 Issue 3, p655 

    Also known as ferroxidase, ceruloplasmin belongs to the family of inflammation-sensitive proteins, and its main function is to transport copper in the blood. Although, in addition to this transport function, at present, there are numerous studies that have attempted to use the determination of...

  • PREVALENCE OF AND FACTORS ASSOCIATED WITH OVERWEIGHT AND OBESITY AMONG NURSERY SCHOOL CHILDREN AGED 3-6 YEARS IN ELDORET MUNICIPALITY. Wandia, F. B.; Ettyang, G. K.; Mbagaya, G. // African Journal of Food, Agriculture, Nutrition & Development;Aug2014, Vol. 14 Issue 5, p2057 

    Childhood overweight and obesity is a serious emerging problem in both developed and developing countries. The developed world is already grappling with a proportionately high burden of obesity in children, with the developing countries experiencing a double burden of under nutrition and over...

  • Comportamentul alimentar al părinÅ£ilor ÅŸi elevilor timiÅŸoreni de clasa a VI-a, în anul ÅŸcolar 2008-2009. Silberberg, Kalliope; Dumitru, Viorica; Korbuly, Bogdan; Alexiu, Theodor Mircea // Social Work Review / Revista de Asistenta Sociala;2011, Vol. 10 Issue 1, p119 

    Nowadays, morbid obesity in children is perceived as parental neglect. Obesity is a risk factor for several diseases, including cardiovascular diseases and diabetes mellitus. We assessed the food habits of the 6th grade children and their parents from TimiÅŸoara, in 2008-2009. The hypothesis...

  • Children May Hold Key to Identifying Parents' CVD Risk.  // Clinician Reviews;Jan2007, Vol. 17 Issue 1, p18 

    The article focuses on the results of a community-based participatory research study on screening children to identify families at increased risk for cardiovascular disease (CVD). It highlights that an elevated risk for CVD in parents can be predicted by the presence of CVD risk factors such as...

  • Chapter 40: Complications of Obesity: Metabolic Syndrome. Osganian, Stavroula K.; de Ferranti, Sarah // Nutrition in Pediatrics: Basic Science & Clinical Applications;2008, p455 

    Chapter 40 of the book "Nutrition in Pediatrics: Basic Science & Clinical Applications" is presented. The chapter offers information on obesity-associated metabolic abnormalities known as metabolic syndrome. Adults with metabolic syndrome have significantly increased risk for developing type 2...

  • PGC1α Promoter Methylation in Blood at 5-7 Years Predicts Adiposity From 9 to 14 Years (EarlyBird 50). Clarke-Harris, Rebecca; Wilkin, Terence J.; Hosking, Joanne; Pinkney, Jonathan; Jeffery, Alison N.; Metcalf, Brad S.; Godfrey, Keith M.; Voss, Linda D.; Lillycrop, Karen A.; Burdge, Graham C. // Diabetes;Jul2014, Vol. 63 Issue 7, p2528 

    The early environment, acting via epigenetic processes, is associated with differential risk of cardio-metabolic disease (CMD), which can be predicted by epigenetic marks in proxy tissues. However, such measurements at time points disparate from the health outcome or the environmental exposure...

  • Obesity and Aerobic Fitness among Urban Public School Students in Elementary, Middle, and High School. Clark, B. Ruth; White, M. Leanne; Royer, Nathaniel K.; Burlis, Tamara L.; DuPont, Nicholas C.; Wallendorf, Michael; Racette, Susan B. // PLoS ONE;9/17/2015, Vol. 10 Issue 9, p1 

    Aims and Objectives: To assess the prevalence of cardiovascular disease risk among urban public school students through a collaborative school district and university partnership. Methods: Children and adolescents in grades K-12 from 24 urban public schools participated in measurements of...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of VIRGINIA BEACH PUBLIC LIBRARY AND SYSTEM

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics