Health related quality of life measured by SF-36: a population-based study in Shanghai, China

Månsdotter, Anna; Backhans, Mona; Hallqvist, Johan
January 2008
BMC Public Health;2008, Vol. 8 Issue 1, p292
Academic Journal
Background: Health related quality of life (HRQL) is a research topic that has attracted increasing interests around the world over the past two decades. The 36-item Short Form (SF-36) is a commonly used instrument for measuring HRQL. However, the information on Chinese adults' quality of life is limited. This paper reports on the feasibility of using the Mandarin version of SF-36 to evaluate HRQL in the population of Shanghai, China. Methods: A total of 1034 subjects were randomly sampled using a stratified multiple-stage sampling method in Shanghai. Demographic information was collected, and SF-36 was used to measure HRQL. Results: Internal reliability coefficients were greater than 0.7 in six of the eight SF-36 dimensions, except social function and mental health. Intraclass correlation coefficients ranged from 0.689 to 0.972. Split-half reliability coefficients were higher than 0.9 in five SF-36 dimensions. Validity was assessed by factor analysis and correlation analysis. Our results were basically in accordance with the theoretical construction of SF-36. The average scores of most SF-36 dimensions were higher than 80. The primary influencing risk factors of HRQL included chronic diseases, age, frequency of activities, and geographical region, which were identified using multivariate stepwise regression. Conclusion: Overall, HRQL in the population of Shanghai is quite good. The Mandarin version of SF-36 is a valid and reliable tool for assessing HRQL.


Related Articles

  • Cross-linguistic equivalence of WHOQOL-100: a study from North India. Saxena, Shekhar; Quinn, Kathryn; Sharan, Pratap; Naresh, B.; Yuantao-Hao; Power, Mick // Quality of Life Research;Apr2005, Vol. 14 Issue 3, p891 

    The study examined the equivalence between Hindi and English versions of the World Health Organization Quality of Life Assessment (WHOQOL)-100 in North India. Eighty two bilingual subjects were administered the two language versions of WHOQOL-100 in a cross-over design after an interval of 1...

  • Development of a short form of the Brazilian Parental-Caregiver Perceptions Questionnaire using exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis. Goursand, Daniela; Ferreira, Meire; Pordeus, Isabela; Mingoti, Sueli; Veiga, Ricardo; Paiva, Saul // Quality of Life Research;Mar2013, Vol. 22 Issue 2, p393 

    Purpose: This study presents the Brazilian short form of the P-CPQ. Methods: Data from a representative sample of 702 parents/caregivers of children were randomly divided in two subsamples. A development sample ( n = 502) was used for exploratory factor analysis (EFA), and a validation sample (...

  • IRT health outcomes data analysis project: an overview and summary. Cook, Karon F.; Teal, Cayla R.; Bjorner, Jakob B.; Cella, David; Chih-Hung Chang; Crane, Paul K.; Gibbons, Laura E.; Hays, Ron D.; McHorney, Colleen A.; Ocepek-Welikson, Katja; Raczek, Anastasia E.; Teresi, Jeanne A.; Reeve, Bryce B. // Quality of Life Research;Aug2007 Supplement 1, Vol. 16, p121 

    In June 2004, the National Cancer Institute and the Drug Information Association co-sponsored the conference, �Improving the Measurement of Health Outcomes through the Applications of Item Response Theory (IRT) Modeling: Exploration of Item Banks and Computer-Adaptive Assessment.� A...

  • Introducing the WHOQOL-SRPB BREF: developing a short-form instrument for assessing spiritual, religious and personal beliefs within quality of life. Skevington, Suzanne; Gunson, Keely; O'Connell, Kathryn // Quality of Life Research;Jun2013, Vol. 22 Issue 5, p1073 

    Purpose: The aim was to develop and conduct preliminary testing of a short-form measure to assess spiritual, religious and personal beliefs (SRPB) within quality of life (QoL). Methods: Existing data from the 132 items of the WHOQOL-SRPB ( n = 5087) obtained in 18 cultures were first analysed to...

  • Validation of the WHOQOL-BREF quality of life questionnaire for general use in New Zealand: confirmatory factor analysis and Rasch analysis. Krägeloh, Christian; Kersten, Paula; Rex Billington, D.; Hsu, Patricia; Shepherd, Daniel; Landon, Jason; Feng, Xuan // Quality of Life Research;Aug2013, Vol. 22 Issue 6, p1451 

    Purpose: The present study validated the abbreviated version of the World Health Organization Quality of Life (WHOQOL-BREF) questionnaire for general use in New Zealand. Methods: A random postal sample from the national electoral roll was used, and 808 questionnaires were returned. Psychometric...

  • Development and psychometric evaluation of the public health surveillance well-being scale. Bann, C.; Kobau, R.; Lewis, M.; Zack, M.; Luncheon, C.; Thompson, W. // Quality of Life Research;Aug2012, Vol. 21 Issue 6, p1031 

    Purpose: To develop and psychometrically evaluate the brief Public Health Surveillance Well-Being Scale (PHS-WB) that captures mental, physical, and social components of well-being. Methods: Using data from 5,399 HealthStyles survey respondents, we conducted bi-factor, item response theory, and...

  • A new questionnaire for measuring quality of life - the Stark QoL. Hardt, Jochen // Health & Quality of Life Outcomes;10/26/2015, Vol. 12, p1 

    Objective: The Stark questionnaire measures health-related quality of life (QoL) using pictures almost exclusively. It is supplemented by a minimum of words. It comprises a mental and a physical health component.Methods: A German sample of n = 500...

  • Measuring health-related quality of life for persons with mobility impairments: an enabled version of the short-form 36 (SF-36E). Froehlich-Grobe, Katherine; Andresen, Elena M.; Caburnay, Charlene; White, Glen W. // Quality of Life Research;Jun2008, Vol. 17 Issue 5, p751 

    Examine psychometric properties of the SF-36 and SF-36E for mobility-impaired individuals and assess whether the SF-36E yields higher health-related quality-of-life scores. We altered the SF-36 Physical Function scale by substituting the word “go” for “walk” and...

  • Assessing the factor structure of a role functioning item bank. Anatchkova, Milena; Ware, John; Bjorner, Jakob // Quality of Life Research;Jun2011, Vol. 20 Issue 5, p745 

    Purpose: Role functioning (RF) is an important part of health-related quality of life, but is hard to measure due to the wide definition of roles and fluctuations in role participation. This study aims to explore the dimensionality of a newly developed item bank assessing the impact of health on...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics