TITLE

The rate of TB-HIV co-infection depends on the prevalence of HIV infection in a community

AUTHOR(S)
Datiko, Daniel G; Yassin, Mohammed A; Chekol, Luelseged T; Kabeto, Lopisso E; Lindtjørn, Bernt
PUB. DATE
January 2008
SOURCE
BMC Public Health;2008, Vol. 8 Issue 1, p266
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Background: A complex interaction exists between tuberculosis (TB) and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection at an individual and community level. Limited knowledge about the rate of HIV infection in TB patients and the general population compromises the planning, resource allocation and prevention and control activities. The aim of this study was to determine the rate of HIV infection in TB patients and its correlation with the rate HIV infection in pregnant women attending antenatal care (ANC) in Southern Ethiopia. Methods: All TB patients and pregnant women attending health institutions for TB diagnosis and treatment and ANC were consecutively enrolled in 2004-2005. TB diagnosis, treatment and HIV testing were done according to the national guidelines. Blood samples were collected for anonymous HIV testing. We used univariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis to determine the risk factors for HIV infection and linear regression analysis to determine the correlation between HIV infection in TB patients and pregnant women. Results: Of the 1308 TB patients enrolled, 226 (18%) (95%CI: 15.8-20.0) were HIV positive. The rate of HIV infection was higher in TB patients from urban 25% (73/298) than rural areas 16% (149/ 945) [AOR = 1.78, 95%CI: 1.27-2.48]. Of the 4199 pregnant women attending ANC, 155 (3.8%) [95%CI: 3.2-4.4] were HIV positive. The rate of HIV infection was higher in pregnant women from urban (7.5%) (80/1066) than rural areas (2.5%) (75/3025) [OR = 3.19, 95% CI: 2.31-4.41]. In the study participants attending the same health institutions, the rate of HIV infection in pregnant women correlated with the rate of HIV infection in TB patients (R² = 0.732). Conclusion: The rate of HIV infection in TB patients and pregnant women was higher in study participants from urban areas. The rate of HIV infection in TB patients was associated with the prevalence of HIV infection in pregnant women attending ANC.
ACCESSION #
51486043

 

Related Articles

  • HIV/AIDS awareness and risk behaviour among pregnant women in Semey, Kazakhstan, 2007. Øien, Torbjørn; Storrø, Ola; Jenssen, Jon A; Johnsen, Roar // BMC Public Health;2008, Vol. 8 Issue 1, p295 

    Background: Central Asia has one of the most rapidly increasing HIV prevalence in the world. The aim of this study was to evaluate current knowledge, risk behaviour and attitudes to voluntary counselling and testing concerning HIV/AIDS among pregnant women in Semey, Kazakhstan. Methods: We...

  • American Cities Lead the Way. Martin, Marsha A. // Human Rights;Spring2010, Vol. 37 Issue 2, p20 

    The article discusses the human immuno deficiency virus (HIV) testing initiatives taken by several U.S. cities and presents suggestions on planning a municipal HIV testing initiative. It is stated that to encourage all citizens between the ages of 14 and 84 to get tested for HIV, an energetic...

  • Evidence for population level declines in adult HIV prevalence in Kenya. Cheluget, B.; Baltazar, G.; Orege, P.; Ibrahim, M.; Marum, L. H.; Stover, J. // Sexually Transmitted Infections;Apr2006 Supplement 1, Vol. 82, pi21 

    The HIV/AIDS epidemic in Kenya has been tracked through annual sentinel surveillance in antenatal clinics since 1990. The system started with 13 sites and now has over 35. Behaviours have been measured through national Demographic and Health Surveys in 1993, 1998, and 2003. The surveillance data...

  • Study protocol for the Integra Initiative to assess the benefits and costs of integrating sexual and reproductive health and HIV services in Kenya and Swaziland. Warren, Charlotte E.; Mayhew, Susannah H.; Vassall, Anna.; Kelly Kimani, James; Church, Kathryn; Dayo Obure, Carol; Friend du-Preez, Natalie; Abuya, Timothy; Mutemwa, Richard; Colombini, Manuela; Birdthistle, Isolde; Askew, Ian; Watts, Charlotte // BMC Public Health;2012, Vol. 12 Issue 1, p973 

    Background: In sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) there are strong arguments for the provision of integrated sexual and reproductive health (SRH) and HIV services. Most HIV transmissions are sexually transmitted or associated with pregnancy, childbirth, and breastfeeding. Many of the behaviours that...

  • Factors Associated with Sexual Risk Behavior Among Persons Living with HIV: Gender and Sexual Identity Group Differences. Courtenay-Quirk, Cari; Pals, Sherri; Colfax, Grant; McKirnan, David; Gooden, Lauren; Eroğlu, Doğan // AIDS & Behavior;Sep2008, Vol. 12 Issue 5, p685 

    Factors associated with HIV transmission risk may differ between subgroups of persons living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA). This study examined such factors in a sample of PLWHA recruited in 3 US metropolitan areas. Sexually active participants were categorized as gay or bisexual men (GBM) ( n = 545),...

  • HIV and TB co-infection among patients on directly observed treatment of short course in Abeokuta, Ogun State, Nigeria. Okonko, I. O.; Soleye, F. A.; Adeniji, F. O.; Okerentugba, P. O. // Nature & Science;Jun2012, Vol. 10 Issue 6, p10 

    This study aimed to determine the prevalence of HIV and TB among patients on directly observed treatment of short-course (DOTS) in Abeokuta, Nigeria. Two hundred DOTS attendees (124 males and 76 females, age range: 16 to 75 years of age) at the Department of Health Services, UNAAB were randomly...

  • High rates of HIV in surgical patients in Soweto, South Africa: impact on resource utilisation and recommendations for HIV testing. Martinson, Neil A.; Omar, Tanvier; Gray, Glenda E.; Vermaak, Jacobus S.; Badicel, Maria; Degiannis, Elias; Steyn, Jan; McIntyre, James A.; Smith, Martin // Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine & Hygiene;Feb2007, Vol. 101 Issue 2, p176 

    Summary: Interactions between HIV and surgical diseases are relatively poorly described in high HIV prevalence settings. We report HIV prevalence and its associations in a prospective study of adults admitted to surgical units in Soweto, South Africa. Voluntary counselling and testing (VCT) for...

  • HIV testing, HIV status and outcomes of treatment for tuberculosis in a major diagnosis and treatment centre in Yaounde, Cameroon: a retrospective cohort study. Pefura Yone, Eric Walter; Kuaban, Christopher; Pascal Kengne, Andr� // BMC Infectious Diseases;2012, Vol. 12 Issue 1, p190 

    Background: Human immuno-deficiency virus (HIV) infection and tuberculosis are common and often co-occuring conditions in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). We investigated the effects of HIV testing and HIV status on the outcomes of tuberculosis treatment in a major diagnosis and treatment centre in...

  • New York City HIV infection rate triples national infection rate.  // Infectious Disease News;Oct2008, Vol. 21 Issue 10, p41 

    The article reports on the increasing number of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection in New York City in 2006. According of the city's Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, HIV in New York City is spreading three times faster than the rest of the U.S. 72 infections were found for...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of THE LIBRARY OF VIRGINIA

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics