Lung cancer mortality in towns near paper, pulp and board industries in Spain: a point source pollution study

Monge-Corella, Susana; García-Pérez, Javier; Aragonés, Nuria; Pollán, Marina; Pérez-Gómez, Beatriz; López-Abente, Gonzalo
January 2008
BMC Public Health;2008, Vol. 8 Issue 1, p288
Academic Journal
Background: This study sought to ascertain whether there might be excess lung cancer mortality among the population residing in the vicinity of Spanish paper and board industries which report their emissions to the European Pollutant Emission Register (EPER). Methods: This was an ecological study that modelled the Standardised Mortality Ratio (SMR) for lung cancer in 8073 Spanish towns over the period 1994-2003. Population exposure to industrial pollution was estimated on the basis of distance from town of residence to pollution source. An exploratory, near-versus-far analysis was conducted, using mixed Poisson regression models and an analysis of the effect of municipal proximity within a 50-kilometre radius of each of the 18 installations. Results: Results varied for the different facilities. In two instances there was an increasing mortality gradient with proximity to the installation, though this was exclusively observed among men. Conclusion: The study of cancer mortality in areas surrounding pollutant foci is a useful tool for environmental surveillance, and serves to highlight areas of interest susceptible to being investigated by ad hoc studies. Despite present limitations, recognition is therefore due to the advance represented by publication of the EPER and the study of pollutant foci.


Related Articles

  • Lung cancer risk associated with residential proximity to industrial installations: a spatial analysis. López-Cima, M.; García-Pérez, J.; Pérez-Gómez, B.; Aragonés, N.; López-Abente, G.; Pascual, T.; Tardón, A.; Pollán, M. // International Journal of Environmental Science & Technology (IJE;Sep2013, Vol. 10 Issue 5, p891 

    Lung cancer is the most common cause of cancer-related death and thus a major public health problem. While lung cancer frequency might be partially attributable to smoking habit and occupational exposure, the role of industrial pollution also needs to be assessed. To ascertain the possible...

  • Lung cancer risk and pollution in an industrial region of Northern Spain: a hospital-based case-control study. López-Cima, María Felicitas; García-Pérez, Javier; Pérez-Gómez, Beatriz; Aragonés, Nuria; López-Abente, Gonzalo; Tardón, Adonina; Pollán, Marina // International Journal of Health Geographics;2011, Vol. 10 Issue 1, p10 

    Background: Asturias, an Autonomous Region in Northern Spain with a large industrial area, registers high lung cancer incidence and mortality. While this excess risk of lung cancer might be partially attributable to smoking habit and occupational exposure, the role of industrial and urban...

  • Cancer mortality in a Chinese population surrounding a multi-metal sulphide mine in Guangdong province: an ecologic study. Mao Wang; Hong Song; Wei-Qing Chen; Ciyong Lu; Qianshen Hu; Zefang Ren; Yan Yang; Yanjun Xu; Aiming Zhong; Wenhua Ling // BMC Public Health;2011 Supplement 4, Vol. 11 Issue Suppl 4, p319 

    Background: The Dabaoshan mine in the southeast of Guangdong Province, China, is at high risk of multi-metal pollutant discharge into a local river (Hengshihe) and the surrounding area. Following approximately 30 years of exposure to these metals, little is known regarding the subsequent health...

  • Is there an epidemic of cancer? Coggon, David; Inskip, Hazel // BMJ: British Medical Journal (International Edition);3/12/94, Vol. 308 Issue 6930, p705 

    Examines the trends in cancer mortality in Great Britain. Dominance of the epidemic of lung cancer attributable to smoking; Data on age specific death rates from lung cancer; Lack of evidence for the impact of toxic hazards on cancer rates.

  • Does living near heavy industry cause lung cancer in women? A case-control study using life grid interviews. Edwards, R.; Pless-Mulloli, T.; Howel, D.; Chadwick, T.; Bhopal, R.; Harrison, R.; Gribbin, H. // Thorax;Dec2006, Vol. 61 Issue 12, p1076 

    Background: The incidence of lung cancer among women is high in the highly industrialised area of Teesside in north-east England. Previous research has implicated industrial pollution as a possible cause. A study was undertaken to investigate whether prolonged residence close to heavy industry...

  • Recent trends and future directions for lung cancer mortality in Europe. Brennan, P.; Bray, I. // British Journal of Cancer;7/1/2002, Vol. 87 Issue 1, p43 

    Lung cancer mortality patterns throughout Europe are very heterogeneous and largely reflect past smoking habits. In order to clarify the changing patterns of lung cancer in Europe we have plotted the overall lung cancer trends among men and women for 20 countries from 1950 up to 1998....

  • Reply: Comment on 'Estimating the asbestos-related lung cancer burden from mesothelioma mortality'. McCormack, V; Peto, J; Byrnes, G; Straif, K; Boffetta, P // British Journal of Cancer;8/6/2013, Vol. 109 Issue 3, p825 

    A response from the author of the article "Estimating the asbestos-related lung cancer burden from mesothelioma mortality" in the 2012 issue, which discusses asbestos-related lung cancer mortality, is presented.

  • Prognostic Assay in Small, Node-Negative Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer. Anile, Marco; Venuta, Federico; Mann, Michael J.; Jablons, David M.; Kratz, Johannes R. // JAMA: Journal of the American Medical Association;2/27/2013, Vol. 309 Issue 8, p769 

    Two letters to the editor are presented including one in response to the article "A prognostic assay to identify patients at high risk of mortality despite small, node-negative lung tumors," by Johannes R. Kratz and colleagues in the October 24, 2012 issue and another in response to query by...

  • Cancer Incidence and Mortality With and Without Lung Cancer, 1973—1998.  // JNCI: Journal of the National Cancer Institute;4/17/2002, Vol. 94 Issue 8, p554 

    Presents statistics on cancer incidence and mortality with and without lung cancer for 1973–1998 in the U.S. Comparison between 1992 and 1998 incidence of cancer; Increase of 0.8% per year among women and decrease of 1.9% per year among men for lung cancer; Adjustment on the rates based...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics