Alcohol use and misuse: what are the contributions of occupation and work organization conditions?

Marchand, Alain
January 2008
BMC Public Health;2008, Vol. 8 Issue 1, p333
Academic Journal
Background: This research examines the specific contribution of occupation and work organization conditions to alcohol use and misuse. It is based on a social-action model that takes into account agent personality, structures of daily life, and macro social structures. Methods: Data come from a representative sample of 10,155 workers in Quebec, Canada. Multinomial regression models corrected for sample design effect have been used to predict low-risk and high-risk drinking compared to non-drinkers. The contribution of occupation and work organization conditions (skill used, decision authority, physical and psychological demands, hours worked, irregular work schedule, harassment, unionization, job insecurity, performance pay, prestige) have been adjusted for family situation, social network outside the workplace, and individual characteristics. Results: Compared to non-qualified blue-collars, both low-risk and high-risk drinking are associated with qualified blue-collars, semi-qualified white-collars, and middle managers; high-risk drinking is associated with upper managers. For constraints-resources related to work organization conditions, only workplace harassment is an important determinant of both low-risk and high-risk drinking, but it is modestly moderated by occupation. Family situation, social support outside work, and personal characteristics of individuals are also associated with alcohol use and misuse. Nonwork factors mediated/suppressed the role of occupation and work organization conditions. Conclusion: Occupation and workplace harassment are important factors associated with alcohol use and misuse. The results support the theoretical model conceptualizing alcohol use and misuse as being the product of stress caused by constraints and resources brought to bear simultaneously by agent personality, structures of daily life, and macro social structures. Occupational alcohol researchers must expand their theoretical perspectives to avoid erroneous conclusions about the specific role of the workplace.


Related Articles

  • Alcohol and work: a promising approach. Smith, Richard // British Medical Journal (Clinical Research Edition);10/24/1981, Vol. 283 Issue 6299, p1108 

    Investigates the impact of the increasing incidence of alcohol problem to the workplace in Great Britain. Association between occupation and alcoholism; Rate of mortality from liver cirrhosis in various occupations; Response of the government to the alcohol problems at work.

  • General welfare and the public good. MÄKELÄ, KLAUS // Nordic Studies on Alcohol & Drugs / Nordisk Alkohol- & Narkotika;2013, Vol. 30 Issue 5, p449 

    The article presents the author's views on the issue related to the welfare of community. According to the author, policies made by government are focused on reducing the losses caused by workplace conflicts. He further focuses on the Sheffield model of policy appraisal which discusses effect of...

  • The 'other' in patterns of drinking: A qualitative study of attitudes towards alcohol use among professional, managerial and clerical workers. Ling, Jonathan; Smith, Karen E.; Wilson, Graeme B.; Brierley-Jones, Lyn; Crosland, Ann; Kaner, Eileen F. S.; Haighton, Catherine A. // BMC Public Health;2012, Vol. 12 Issue 1, p892 

    Background: Recent evidence shows that workers in white collar roles consume more alcohol than other groups within the workforce, yet little is known about their views of drinking. Methods: Focus groups were conducted in five workplaces to examine the views of white collar workers regarding the...

  • Online Health Check for Reducing Alcohol Intake among Employees: A Feasibility Study in Six Workplaces across England. Khadjesari, Zarnie; Newbury-Birch, Dorothy; Murray, Elizabeth; Shenker, Don; Marston, Louise; Kaner, Eileen // PLoS ONE;Mar2015, Vol. 10 Issue 3, p1 

    Background: Most hazardous and harmful drinkers are of working age and do not seek help with their drinking. Occupational health services are uniquely placed to universally screen employees across the range of socioeconomic and ethnic groups. The aim was to explore the feasibility and...

  • News briefs. Swannell, Cate // Medical Journal of Australia;May2019, Vol. 210 Issue 9, p388 

    The article presents news briefs of topics including the use of genetic profile to detect the risk of obesity during birth and the use of oxytocin to treat alcohol use disease in patients.

  • Post-match spectator aggression linked to winning not losing.  // Nursing Standard;5/23/2007, Vol. 21 Issue 37, p17 

    An abstract of the article "The effect of rugby match outcome on spectator aggression and intention to drink alcohol," by S. C. Moore is presented.

  • Tort law.  // ABA Journal;Sep95, Vol. 81 Issue 9, p48 

    Reports on the reaffirmation of the Illinois Supreme Court of the state's long standing common-law rule that no cause of action exists for social hosts who provide alcoholic beverages to their guests, including minors. Dismissal of `Charles versus Seigfried,' Numbers 76617 and 77438 where in...

  • Down and Out. Lezard, Nicholas // New Statesman;12/20/2019, Vol. 148 Issue 5501, p76 

    What to say, then, on the registration form at the new dentist's, when they ask you how many units of alcohol you drink a week? I explain what the matter is: a cracked tooth, as useless as Johnson's moral compass, and beneath it a surging sea of pain. "The alcohol will block the effect of the...

  • Zero Alcohol Drinks Growing 10% a Year in Europe.  // Drinkworld Technology + Marketing;Sep2019, Vol. 23 Issue 3, p14 

    No abstract available.


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics