TITLE

Safe storage of pesticides in Sri Lanka - identifying important design features influencing community acceptance and use of safe storage devices

AUTHOR(S)
Weerasinghe, Manjula; Pieris, Ravi; Eddleston, Michael; van der Hoek, Wim; Dawson, Andrew; Konradsen, Flemming
PUB. DATE
January 2008
SOURCE
BMC Public Health;2008, Vol. 8, p276
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Background: Self-poisoning with pesticides is the cause of an estimated 300,000 deaths annually in rural Asia. The great majority of these deaths are from impulsive acts of self-harm using pesticides that are readily available in the home. The secure storage of pesticides under lock has been emphasized as a possible answer to the problem. This aspect, however, has been poorly researched. In this paper, we report on the design and use, in rural Sri Lanka, of a variety of different lockable storage devices. Methods: Following a baseline survey of pesticide storage practices, randomly selected households received a pesticide safe storage device. The study was conducted in two phases. In the first phase a total of 200 households in two villages were provided with in-house safe storage devices and two follow-up surveys were conducted seven and 24 months after distribution. The results of the seven month post-distribution survey have already been published. In the second phase, a further 168 households were selected in two additional villages and given a choice between an in-house and an in-field storage device and a follow-up survey conducted seven months after distribution. Both follow-up surveys aimed to assess the use of the device, obtain detailed user feedback on the different storage designs, and to identify problems faced with safeguarding the key. Twelve focus group discussions were held with representatives of households that received a storage device to derive from the community qualitative feedback on the design requirements for such devices. Results: One hundred and sixty one of the 200 households selected during the first phase were using pesticides at the time of the follow-up survey, 24 months after distribution. Of these 161 households 89 (55%) had the pesticides stored and locked in the provided device. Among the 168 households that were given a choice between an in-house and an in-field storage device 156 used pesticides at the time of survey and of these 103 (66%) selected in-field storage devices and 34% chose in-house storage devices. Of the 156 households, 106 (68%) stored all pesticides in a locked storage device at the time of the follow-up survey seven months after distribution. The majority of households that received an in-field storage device chose to install the device within their compound rather than in the field as they were concerned about the possibility of theft. The preferred design of the storage device was influenced by a number of occupational factors such as land size, crop patterns, types and the quantity of pesticides used. The presence of termites, perceived safety, material used to manufacture the device and ease of location influenced their choice. The study revealed that it was difficult to keep the key to the device hidden from children; and that the person in charge of the key would have easy access to the stored poison. Conclusion: This study confirms the high acceptance of lockable storage devices by the community although the use of the device reduced over time. A large proportion of pesticides stored within the compound after the introduction of the device may have implications for accessibility to pesticides in the domestic environment. The ability of other household members, including children, to easily find the key is also worrying
ACCESSION #
51486026

 

Related Articles

  • Container culprit for sprayer downtime. Leake, Alastair // Farmers Weekly;9/3/2010, Vol. 153 Issue 9, Special Section p18 

    The article discusses design issues related to pesticide containers that contribute to downtime when filling sprayers. Essential features of packaging design that affect the use of containers are the handle, shape and opening. Issues that affect the disposal of containers include the absence of...

  • in brief….  // Farmers Weekly;6/2/2006, Vol. 144 Issue 22, p51 

    The article presents news briefs on agricultural chemicals in Great Britain. Difficult spring spraying conditions have set grassweed killer Atlantis the toughest challenge since the product was launched, maker Bayer says. Triiodothyronine sprays could be even more important this season to ensure...

  • Beyond patch spraying: site-specific weed management with several herbicides. L. Wiles // Precision Agriculture;Jun2009, Vol. 10 Issue 3, p277 

    Abstract  Site-specific weed management can include both limiting herbicide application to areas of the field where weed pressure is above the economic threshold (patch spraying) and varying the choice of herbicide for most cost-effective weed control of local populations. The benefits of...

  • Horticultural Techniques - Adjuvants.  // Horticulture Week;7/6/2013, p41 

    The article discusses the applications of the Adjuvants, the substances that can ameliorate the performance of spray mixtures or pesticides and outlines the features of the substances.

  • Mixed Up About TANK MIXING? Cloyd, Raymond A. // American Nurseryman;11/1/2007, Vol. 206 Issue 9, p26 

    The article offers information about tank mixing insecticides and miticides. According to the article, tank mixing involves combining two or more pesticides into a single spray solution. Although there are advantages to tank mixing, it is important to be cautious when tank mixing in order to...

  • Training key to potato planting success. Spackman, Paul // Crops;2/25/2006, p15 

    This article presents tips for the plantation of potato. Applying pesticides during potato planting is a complex task. No surprise then that growers need to be PA12 certified to maximise tuber protection in a way that is safe to operators, the environment and the bottom line. While liquid and...

  • Cleaning up your act on water. Allen-Stevens, Tom // Crops;12/11/2010, p19 

    The article offers information on the guidelines issued by the VI and Catchment Sensitive Farming for pesticide handling without harming the water. As stated, farmers should leave their land pesticidefree so that water bodies in the vicinity can remain safe. It is seen that more than 40 percent...

  • Risks of pesticides weighed as chemicals linger in human blood. Late, Michele // Nation's Health;Sep2005, Vol. 35 Issue 7, p1 

    This article discusses the risks associated with the application of pesticides in agricultural. A range of pesticides including some that have been banned from use in the U.S. for decades is evident in the blood of most U.S. people, according to a July 2005 report on chemical exposures from the...

  • Use of Manganese as Tracer in the Determination of Respiratory Exposure and Relative Importance of Exposure Routes in the Safety of Pesticide Applicators in Citrus Orchards. Oliveira, M. L.; Machado-Neto, J. G. // Bulletin of Environmental Contamination & Toxicology;Mar2003, Vol. 70 Issue 3, p0415 

    The article reports on the use of manganese as tracer in the determination of respiratory exposure and relative importance of exposure routes in the safety of pesticide applicators in citrus orchards. It focuses on the relative importance of the dermal and respiratory exposure routes and their...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of VIRGINIA BEACH PUBLIC LIBRARY AND SYSTEM

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics