Adherence to physical activity recommendations and the influence of socio-demographic correlates - a population-based cross-sectional study

Bergman, Patrick; Grjibovski, Andrej M.; Hagströmer, Maria; Bauman, Adrian; Sjöström, Michael
January 2008
BMC Public Health;2008, Vol. 8 Issue 1, p367
Academic Journal
Background: Current physical activity guidelines acknowledge the importance of total health enhancing physical activity (HEPA) compared to leisure time physical activity or exercise alone. Assessing total HEPA may result in different levels of adherence to these as well as the strength and/or direction of associations observed between total HEPA and socio-demographic correlates. The aim of this study was to estimate the proportion of the population adhering to the recommendation of at least 30 minutes of HEPA on most days, and to examine the influences of socio-demographic correlates on reaching this recommendation. Methods: Swedish adults aged 18-74 years (n = 1470) were categorized, based on population data obtained using the IPAQ, into low, moderately and highly physically active categories. Independent associations between the physical activity categories and socio-demographic correlates were studied using a multinomial logistic regression. Results: Of the subjects, 63% (95% CI: 60.5-65.4) adhered to the HEPA recommendation. Most likely to reach the highly physical active category were those aged < 35 years (OR = 1.8; 95% CI: 1.1-3.3), living in small towns (OR = 1.8; 95% CI: 1.1-2.7) and villages (OR = 2.4; 95% CI: 1.6-3.7), having a BMI between 25.0-29.9 kg/m² (OR = 2.7; 95% CI: 1.4-5.3) having a BMI < 25 kg/m² (OR = 2.5; 95% CI: 1.3-4.9), or having very good (OR = 2.1; 95% CI: 1.3-3.3) or excellent self-perceived health (OR = 4.1; 95% CI: 2.4-6.8). Less likely to reach the high category were women (OR = 0.6; 95% CI: 0.5-0.9) and those with a university degree (OR = 0.5; 95% CI: 0.3-0.9). Similar, but less pronounced associations were observed for the moderate group. Gender-specific patterns were also observed. Conclusion: Almost two-thirds of the Swedish adult population adhered to the physical activity recommendation. Due to a large diversity in levels of physical activity among population subgroups, social-ecological approaches to physical activity promotion may be warranted.


Related Articles

  • Time trends in leisure time physical activity and physical fitness in elderly people: 20 year followup of the Spanish population national health survey (1987-2006).  // BMC Public Health;2011, Vol. 11 Issue 1, p799 

    The article presents a medical research conducted on estimating trends in leisure time physical activity and physical fitness between 1987-2006 in older Spanish people. It analyzes the data collected from the Spanish National Health Surveys conducted in 1987. It highlights the method used in the...

  • Are You As Fit As You Should Be?  // Tufts University Health & Nutrition Letter;Aug99, Vol. 17 Issue 6, p1 

    Reports that researchers at the California State University has developed a series of exercises to measure older people's functional fitness, the ability to conduct daily activities. Significance of knowing a person's functional fitness; Details on how to conduct the test at home; How to raise a...

  • Self-Rated Health in middle-aged and elderly Chinese: distribution, determinants and associations with cardio-metabolic risk factors. Nazanin Haseli-Mashhadi; Pan, An; Ye, Xingwang; Wang, Jing; Qi, Qibin; Liu, Yong; Li, Huaixing; Yu, Zhijie; Lin, Xu; Franco, Oscar H. // BMC Public Health;2009, Vol. 9 Issue 1, p368 

    Background: Self-rated health (SRH) has been demonstrated to be an accurate reflection of a person's health and a valid predictor of incident mortality and chronic morbidity. We aimed to evaluate the distribution and factors associated with SRH and its association with biomarkers of...

  • West End Walkers 65+: A randomised controlled trial of a primary care-based walking intervention for older adults: Study rationale and design. MacMillan, Freya; Fitzsimons, Claire; Black, Karen; Granat, Malcolm H.; Grant, Margaret P.; Grealy, Madeleine; Macdonald, Hazel; McConnachie, Alex; Rowe, David A.; Shaw, Rebecca; Skelton, Dawn A.; Mutrie, Nanette // BMC Public Health;2011, Vol. 11 Issue 1, p120 

    Background: In Scotland, older adults are a key target group for physical activity intervention due to the large proportion who are inactive. The health benefits of an active lifestyle are well established but more research is required on the most effective interventions to increase activity in...

  • An exploration of the association between frailty and muscle fatigue. Theou, Olga; Jones, Gareth R.; Overend, Tom J.; Kloseck, Marita; Vandervoort, Anthony A. // Applied Physiology, Nutrition & Metabolism;Aug2008, Vol. 33 Issue 4, p651 

    Frailty is increasingly recognized as a geriatric syndrome that shares common biomedical determinants with rapid muscle fatigue: aging, disease, inflammation, physical inactivity, malnutrition, hormone deficiencies, subjective fatigue, and changes in neuromuscular function and structure. In...

  • Equinox bulks up on cash to muscle into new territory. Curan, Catherine // Crain's New York Business;9/3/2001, Vol. 17 Issue 36, p4 

    Reports on introduction of a program for older people and individuals recovering from injuries by Equinox Fitness Club in New York, New York. Increase of members in the health club industry; Rate of annual membership fee; Concentration on longevity; Development of training incorporating...

  • Changes in leisure time and occupational physical activity over 8 years: the Cornellà Health Interview Survey Follow-Up Study. Cornelio, C.I.; García, M.; Schiaffino, A.; Borràs, J.M.; Nieto, F.J.; Fernández, E. // Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health;Mar2008, Vol. 62 Issue 3, p239 

    Aim: To describe changes in leisure time and occupational physical activity status in an urban Mediterranean population-based cohort, and to evaluate sociodemographic, health-related and lifestyle correlates of such changes. Methods: Data for this study come from the Cornellà Health Interview...

  • President's Council--the next generation. Dvorak, Jeanette // American Fitness;Sep/Oct94, Vol. 12 Issue 5, p14 

    Presents President Bill Clinton's 13 new appointees to the President's Council on Physical Fitness and Sports (PCPFS). Includes Surgeon Elizabeth Arendt; Olympic medalist Ralph Boston; Basketball coach Don Casey; Former football player Rockne Freilas; Consultant Ronnie Goldberg; Ski medalist...

  • EXERCISE ACTION PLAN FOR WALES.  // SportEX Health (14718154);Apr2010, Issue 24, p4 

    The article reports on the action plan of Welsh Assembly Government titled "Creating an Active Wales," which aims to develop a physical environment that makes it easier for people to be more physically active more often throughout life and to increase participation in sport by all sectors of the...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics