TITLE

Attitudes towards those bereaved by a suicide: a population-based, cross-sectional study in rural Japan

AUTHOR(S)
Minamizono, Sachiko; Motohashi, Yutaka; Yamaji, Masako; Kaneko, Yoshihiro
PUB. DATE
January 2008
SOURCE
BMC Public Health;2008, Vol. 8, p334
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Background: Family or friends bereaved by suicide are at risk of experiencing complications because of attitudes regarding suicide. It is important that individuals close to those grieving after a death by suicide demonstrate adequate knowledge and compassionate attitudes. To this end, we examined the factors that contribute to attitudes toward persons bereaved by the suicide of a family member or friend, and perceptions of suicide prevention and the promotion of mental health. Methods: A total of 5154 residents of a rural town in northern Japan aged 30-69 years completed a crosssectional questionnaire. The questionnaire gathered data about demographic variables, depressive symptoms, and issues related to suicide including personal experience of an acquaintance's suicide, attitudes towards those bereaved by suicide, and perceptions regarding suicide prevention. Factors related to these attitudes and perceptions were analysed using logistic regression models. Results: Overall, 67.5% of respondents demonstrated appropriate attitudes towards those bereaved by suicide; 30.4% of responses were undetermined, and 2.1% were inappropriate. Undetermined attitudes were associated with male gender (adjusted OR 1.42, 95%CI = 1.26-1.61), younger age (2.64, 2.12-3.29), lower education level (1.32, 1.07-1.62), greater severity of depression (3.81, 2.80-5.20), and lack of personal experience of an acquaintance's suicide (1.39, 1.22-1.57). Inappropriate attitudes were associated with male gender (adjusted OR 1.98, 95%CI = 1.33-2.94), lower education level (2.55 1.34-4.83), and greater severity of depression (6.93, 3.52-13.67). Overall, 16.0% demonstrated passive thoughts regarding suicide prevention and the promotion of mental health in the community, and were associated with male gender (1.22, 1.04-1.42), younger age (2.72, 2.03-3.65), lower education level (1.32, 1.02-1.71), and greater severity of depression (4.94, 3.58-6.82). Conclusion: Factors that contributed to undetermined attitudes included male gender, younger age, lower education level, greater severity of depression, and lack of personal experience of an acquaintance's suicide. Passive thoughts regarding suicide prevention and the promotion of mental health were associated with male gender, younger age, lower education level, and greater severity of depression.
ACCESSION #
51485984

 

Related Articles

  • QUOTES FROM THE ESSAYS.  // Humanist;Mar/Apr87, Vol. 47 Issue 2, p22 

    This section presents quotes on various issues. Prejudice is not a problem like poverty, hunger, misgovernment, or the arms race. These are social and economic problems layered with institutions and natural causes that make individuals willing to help feel powerless and small. Prejudice is not a...

  • Choosing time, purpose and meaning in old age. Genevay, Bonnie // Aging Today;Nov/Dec2011, Vol. 32 Issue 6, p20 

    The article focuses on the conversation between author Bonnie Genevay and a staff from the mental health clinic at Harborview in Seatle, Washington on Genevay's decision to stop eating to control the timing of her dying. Genevay mentions her intention to die as she is not leading a quality life...

  • DERIVATION OF A PROXY MEASURE OF DEATH ANXIETY FROM THE SUICIDE OPINION QUESTIONNAIRE. Lester, David // Perceptual & Motor Skills;Aug2003, Vol. 97 Issue 1, p120 

    A 10-item scale was derived from scores on Domino's Suicide Opinion Questionnaire which correlated with scores from Templer's Death Anxiety Scale and may prove useful as a proxy measure of death anxiety.

  • ATTITUDES OF TRAINEES IN SUICIDE INTERVENTION TOWARD EUTHANASIA AND SUICIDE AMONG THE NONTERMINALLY ILL. MacDonald, Michael C. // Psychological Reports;Jun2005 Part 1, Vol. 96 Issue 3, p709 

    The responses of 55 trainees in suicide intervention to select Suicide Opinion Questionnaire items were evaluated to assess their attitudes toward euthanasia and the acceptability of suicidal behavior in general. Overall, 60% of participants agreed that people with incurable diseases should be...

  • A Scholar Makes Peace with Academe. Olsen, Victoria C. // Education Digest;Apr99, Vol. 64 Issue 8, p69 

    Ponders on the suicide of those with ties to the Stanford University graduate program in literature. Their characteristics; Concerns on having similarities with them and sharing the same fate.

  • Suicide on the Rise. Trindade, M.V. // Marines;Oct-Dec2001, Vol. 30 Issue 4, p4 

    Focuses on the increase of suicide rates in the marine corps in the United States. Consideration of suicide as one of the leading cause of death among the marines; Comparison between the suicide rates among the marines and civilian populace; Details on the launching of the All-hands Training...

  • Attitudes toward physician-assisted suicide. Lester, David // Psychological Reports;Feb98, Vol. 82 Issue 1, p106 

    Presents a study conducted to examine the correlation between positive attitudes and physician-assisted suicide. Research methodology employed in this study; Details on the study population; Results of this research.

  • Attitudes of Psychiatric Patients to Deliberate Self-poisoning. Hawton, Keith; Bancroft, John; Simkin, Susan // British Journal of Psychiatry;Jan78, Vol. 132, p31 

    Attitudes towards self-poisoning were investigated in 80 psychiatric patients, half of whom themselves had previously taken overdoses. They were asked to comment about self-poisoners in general, and on four specific cases in particular. In addition to motives spontaneously suggested they were...

  • Suicide among male veterans: a prospective population-based study. Kaplan, Mark S.; Huguet, Nathalie; McFarland, Bentson H.; Newsom, Jason T. // Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health;Jul2007, Vol. 61 Issue 7, p619 

    Objectives: To assess the risk of mortality from suicide among male veteran participants in a large population-based health survey. Design and setting: A prospective follow-up study in the US. Data were obtained from the US National Health Interview Surveys 1986-94 and linked to the Multiple...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of VIRGINIA BEACH PUBLIC LIBRARY AND SYSTEM

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics