Use of residential wood heating in a context of climate change: a population survey in Québec (Canada)

Bélanger, Diane; Gosselin, Pierre; Valois, Pierre; Abdous, Belkacem
January 2008
BMC Public Health;2008, Vol. 8 Issue 1, p184
Academic Journal
Background: Wood heating is recommended in several countries as a climate change (CC) adaptation measure, mainly to increase the autonomy of households during power outages due to extreme climatic events. The aim of this study was to examine various perceptions and individual characteristics associated with wood heating through a survey about CC adaptations. Methods: A telephone survey (n = 2,545) of adults living in the southern part of the province of Québec (Canada) was conducted in the early fall season of 2005. The questionnaire used closed questions and measured the respondents' beliefs and current adaptations about CC. Calibration weighting was used to adjust the data analysis for the respondent's age and language under stratified sampling based on health regions. Results: More than three out of four respondents had access to a single source of energy at home, which was mainly electricity; 22.2% combined two sources or more; 18.5% heated with wood occasionally or daily during the winter. The prevalence of wood heating was higher in the peripheral regions than in the more urban regions, where there was a higher proportion of respondents living in apartments. The prevalence was also higher with participants completely disagreeing (38.5%) with the eventual prohibition of wood heating when there is smog in winter, compared to respondents somewhat disagreeing (24.2%) or agreeing (somewhat: 17.5%; completely: 10.4%) with the adoption of this strategy. It appears that the perception of living in a region susceptible to winter smog, smog warnings in the media, or the belief in the human contribution to CC, did not influence significantly wood heating practices. Conclusion: Increased residential wood heating could very well become a maladaptation to climate change, given its known consequences on winter smog and respiratory health. It would thus be appropriate to implement a long-term national program on improved and controlled residential wood heating. This would constitute a "no-regrets" adaptation to climate change, while reducing air pollution and its associated health impacts.


Related Articles

  • An Evaluation of the socio-cultural effects of Climate Change on vulnerable Africa: Making a case for urgent action towards Adaptation in Nigeria. OGINNI, Adeyemi; ADEBAMOWO, Michael // British Journal of Arts & Social Sciences;Apr2013, Vol. 13 Issue 1, p141 

    The enigma, Climate Change is no longer an illusion but a reality; a major crisis taking prominence as the numero uno threat ravaging the entire globe. The recent flooding episodes in Lagos, Ibadan, Kaduna, and recently, Kogi, to mention a few, have devastated farmlands, houses, drainage...

  • Temperature Biases in Public Opinion Surveys*. Potoski, Matthew; Urbatsch, R.; Yu, Cindy // Weather, Climate & Society;Apr2015, Vol. 7 Issue 2, p192 

    The quasi experiment of deviations from normal temperatures shows how local temperature conditions bias selected survey results. Responses in eight CBS News surveys from 2001 to 2007 change with the weather, with unseasonable temperatures reducing concern about climate change and unusually warm...

  • Climate Change.  // British Geological Survey. Annual Report;2008-2009, p30 

    The article offers information on the Climate Change programme of the organization British Geological Survey (BGS) in Great Britain. Under this research, BGS scientists study various aspects, such as, the impact of greenhouse gases on climate, coastal erosion, rise in sea level, and ice-age....

  • Mapping the climate: guidance on appropriate techniques to map climate variables and their uncertainty. Kaye, N. R.; Hartley, A.; Hemming, D. // Geoscientific Model Development;2012, Vol. 5 Issue 1, p245 

    The article presents a study which provides guidance about mapping climate variables and uncertainties in cartography. It highlights the general mapping guidelines proposed by the authors which include the use of colour symbolism, data classification scheme and a sensible sequential colour...

  • Post-Normal Practices Between Regional Climate Services and Local Knowledge. Krauss, Werner; von Storch, Hans // Nature & Culture;Summer2012, Vol. 7 Issue 2, p213 

    Recent surveys show that the communication about climate change between science and the public is severely disturbed. In this article we discuss this problem in focusing on both regional climate services and other, local forms of knowledge. The authors suggest that climate science and its public...

  • Environment missing from Pakistan's priority list. Muhammad, Peer // Energy Update;Jul2014, Vol. 5 Issue 84/85, p22 

    The article focuses on the Economic Survey of Pakistan for 2013-2014 released by its Ministry of Finance in June 2014, which has put the annual cost of environmental degradation and climate change at Rs.365 billion. Topics discussed include the finding of the survey that the cost of...

  • Intra- to multi-decadal terrestrial precipitation regimes at the end of the 20th century. Mauget, Steven A. // Climatic Change;Oct2006, Vol. 78 Issue 2-4, p317 

    Intra- to multi-decadal (IMD) variation in terrestrial precipitation during 1901-98 was evaluated here by sampling annual precipitation rankings over 6-30 year moving time windows and converting those rankings to Mann-Whitney U statistics. Those U statistics were then used to identify the most...

  • The Influence of Science Communication on Indigenous Climate Change Perception: Theoretical and Practical Implications. Rudiak-Gould, Peter // Human Ecology: An Interdisciplinary Journal;Feb2014, Vol. 42 Issue 1, p75 

    Citizens receive information on global climate change through both observation of local impacts and reception of climate science. This article presents a quantitative analysis of the interplay of these two sources of information in an indigenous population: residents of Majuro, the capital city...

  • GALLUP PRESENTS…A Heated Debate. PUGLIESE, ANITA; RAY, JULIE // Harvard International Review;Fall2009, Vol. 31 Issue 3, p64 

    The article discusses a comprehensive survey of global opinions about climate change conducted by Gallup in 2007 and 2008. One of the key findings is the awareness of majority of the adult population of the issue. Higher awareness is shown by people in Europe and the Americas while lower...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics