Social correlates of cigarette smoking among Icelandic adolescents: a population-based cross-sectional study

Kristjansson, Alfgeir L.; Sigfusdottir, Inga D.; Allegrante, John P.; Helgason, Asgeir R.
January 2008
BMC Public Health;2008, Vol. 8 Issue 1, p86
Academic Journal
Background: Previous research has shown that between 80 and 90 percent of adult smokers report having started smoking before 18 years of age. Several studies have revealed that multiple social factors influence the likelihood of smoking during adolescence, the period during which the onset of smoking usually occurs. To better understand the social mechanisms that influence adolescent smoking, we analyzed the relationship and relative importance of a broad spectrum of social variables in adolescent smoking in Iceland, a Nordic country with high per-capita income. Methods: We used cross-sectional data from 7,430 14- to 16 year-old students (approximately 81% of all Icelanders in these age cohorts) in the 2006 Youth in Iceland study. The Youth in Iceland studies are designed to investigate the role of several cognitive, behavioral, and social factors in the lives of adolescents, and the data collected are used to inform the design, implementation, and evaluation of substance use prevention programs that are being developed by Icelandic social scientists, policy makers, and practitioners. Results: Our analysis revealed that friends' smoking behavior and attitude toward smoking were strongly associated with adolescent smoking and other tobacco use, as well as alcohol consumption during the previous 30 days. Main protective factors were parent's perceived attitude toward smoking, the quantity of time spent with parents, absence of serious verbal conflict between parents and adolescents, and participation in physical activity. Family structure was related to adolescent smoking to a small extent, but other background factors were not. Conclusion: We conclude that multiple social factors are related to adolescent smoking. Parents and other primary preventive agents need to be informed about the complicated nature of the adolescent social world in order to maximize their impact.


Related Articles

  • Coming out, lighting up. Jacobs, Ethan // Bay Windows;11/4/2004, Vol. 22 Issue 47, p3 

    Presents the results of a study on the rate of GLBT youth smoking in the U.S. conducted by the Centers for Disease Control. Statistics on health-related behaviors of students based on the data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health; Factors that influenced the GLBT youth to...

  • Negative Press Influences Youth Smoking.  // Pulmonary Reviews;Sep2007, Vol. 12 Issue 9, p37 

    The article discusses research being done on the effects of a newspaper editorial coverage on youth smoking in the U.S. Matthew Farrelly and colleagues evaluated the relationship between the newspaper overage of the Florida Tobacco Control Program's health promotion campaign with declines in...

  • Canada 'behind eight ball' in fighting youth smoking. Sibbald, Barbara // CMAJ: Canadian Medical Association Journal;5/15/2001, Vol. 164 Issue 10, p1479 

    Focuses on the need to prevent teen smoking in Canada. Why Canada is lagging behind other countries in efforts to prevent teen smoking; Antitobacco initiatives in Canada, with goals to reduce proportion of people who smoke and cigarette sales; Canadian Paediatric Society which is urging...

  • Appraisal of anti-smoking advertising by youth at risk for regular smoking: a comparative study in the United States, Australia, and Britain. Wakefield, M.; Durrant, R.; Terry-McElrath, Y.; Ruel, E.; Balch, Gl.; Anderson, S.; Szczypka, G.; Emery, S.; Flay, B. // Tobacco Control;Sep2003 Supplement 2, Vol. 12, pii82 

    Objective: To compare the similarity in how youth in the United States, Australia, and Britain appraise anti-smoking advertisements with different characteristics. Design: Each participant viewed and evaluated a set of 10 anti-smoking adverts (from an overall total of 50 adverts) in a controlled...

  • Widening the aim of health promotion to include the most disadvantaged: vulnerable adolescents and the social determinants of health. Mohajer, Nicole; Earnest, Jaya // Health Education Research;Jun2010, Vol. 25 Issue 3, p387 

    Growing numbers of adolescents are marginalized by social factors beyond their control, leading to poor health outcomes for their families and future generations. Although the role of the social determinants of health has been recognized for many years, there is a gap in our knowledge about the...

  • The TEST.  // Know Your World Extra;11/29/2002, Vol. 36 Issue 5, p8 

    Presents a play on teenage smoking.

  • Smoking Stats.  // Scholastic Choices;Nov2010, Vol. 26 Issue 3, p3 

    The article presents statistics on the awareness of American teenagers about the negative health effects of smoking.

  • Effective smoking prevention among youth essential to successful tobacco control. Prokhorov, Alexander V. // Journal of Primary Health Care;Sep2014, Vol. 6 Issue 3, p180 

    The author discusses the adverse health effects of cigarette smoking among youths, as well as the efforts to prevent smoking to prevent such health concerns, particularly in New Zealand, as of September 2014. He presents the report by the U.S. Surgeon General on the adverse effects of smoking,...

  • Danger: Teens at Work.  // Scholastic Action;5/9/2003, Vol. 26 Issue 14, p6 

    Focuses on the health risks faced by teen workers in the U.S.


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics