TITLE

Surveillance study of vector species on board passenger ships, risk factors related to infestations

AUTHOR(S)
Mouchtouri, Varvara A; Anagnostopoulou, Rimma; Voyadjoglou, Anna Samanidou-; Theodoridou, Kalliopi; Hatzoglou, Chrissi; Kremastinou, Jenny; Hadjichristodoulou, Christos
PUB. DATE
January 2008
SOURCE
BMC Public Health;2008, Vol. 8, p100
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Background: Passenger ships provide conditions suitable for the survival and growth of pest populations. Arthropods and rodents can gain access directly from the ships' open spaces, can be carried in shiploads, or can be found on humans or animals as ectoparasites. Vectors on board ships may contaminate stored foods, transmit illness on board, or, introduce diseases in new areas. Pest species, ship areas facilitating infestations, and different risk factors related to infestations were identified in 21 ferries. Methods: 486 traps for insects and rodents were placed in 21 ferries. Archives of Public Health Authorities were reviewed to identify complaints regarding the presence of pest species on board ferries from 1994 to 2004. A detail questionnaire was used to collect data on ship characteristics and pest control practices. Results: Eighteen ferries were infested with flies (85.7%), 11 with cockroaches (52.3%), three with bedbugs, and one with fleas. Other species had been found on board were ants, spiders, butterflies, beetles, and a lizard. A total of 431 Blattella germanica species were captured in 28 (9.96%) traps, and 84.2% of them were nymphs. One ship was highly infested. Cockroach infestation was negatively associated with ferries in which Hazard Analysis Critical Control Point system was applied to ensure food safety on board (Relative Risk, RR = 0.23, p = 0.03), and positively associated with ferries in which cockroaches were observed by crew (RR = 4.09, p = 0.007), no cockroach monitoring log was kept (RR = 5.00, p = 0.02), and pesticide sprays for domestic use were applied by crew (RR = 4.00, p = 0.05). Cockroach infested ships had higher age (p = 0.03). Neither rats nor mice were found on any ship, but three ferries had been infested with a rodent in the past. Conclusion: Integrated pest control programs should include continuing monitoring for a variety of pest species in different ship locations; pest control measures should be more persistent in older ships. HACCP system aids in the prevention of cockroach infestations on board.
ACCESSION #
51485623

 

Related Articles

  • BIOLOGICAL CONTROL OF THE BLATELLA GEREMANICA WITH BEAUVERIA BASSIANA AND LECANICILLIUM MUSCARIUM. Khodaveisi, Sadegh; Davari, Behroz; Ala, Farzad; Javan, Khorosh; Abdolmalaki, Noshin // Jundishapur Journal of Microbiology;2013 Special Edition, p39 

    Introduction and Objectives: Lecanicillium muscarium and Beauveria bassiana grow naturally in soils throughout the world and acts as a parasite on various arthropod species, causing white muscardine disease; thus belongs to the entomopathogenic fungi. This study evaluates the entomopathogenic...

  • German cockroach.  // Pest Control;Oct97, Vol. 65 Issue 10, p98 

    Describes Blattella germanica, more commonly known as German cockroach. Biology and behavior; Control of German cockroach infestation; Reproduction environments.

  • Can scientific research help control German roaches? Pinto, Larry // Pest Control;Oct96, Vol. 64 Issue 10, p8 

    Focuses on research efforts to control German cockroaches or Blatella germanica. Review of existing studies on German cockroaches; Nature of the pest; Implications of research findings.

  • A conceptual look at the pest control arms race. Bieman, Donald // Pest Control;Oct98, Vol. 66 Issue 10, p32 

    Explores German cockroaches control based on Darwinian pest management (DPM). German cockroaches' resistance to insecticides; Brief history of the Darwinian method; Implications for humans.

  • Rethinking roach bait. Heinsohn, C. Kathleen // Pest Control;Jan2003, Vol. 71 Issue 1, p44 

    Focuses on ways on how to bait German cockroach. Resistance of cockroach to pesticides; Occurrence of bacterial resistance in the medical community; Factors to consider in baiting cockroaches.

  • German cockroach.  // Pest Control;Sep97, Vol. 65 Issue 9, p55 

    Describes the behavior and control of German cockroach. Reproduction cycle; Use of traps in a detailed manner to find all the scattered harborage locations of the cockroach; Insecticide resistance of other strains of cockroaches; Effectiveness of crack and crevice treatments; Use of cockroach...

  • Providing a balanced diet for German cockroaches. Kells, Stephen; Bennett, Gary // Pest Control;Jul98, Vol. 66 Issue 7, p34 

    Presents information on a baiting program for controlling German cockroaches. Food items that might be available to German cockroaches; Steps to be considered in order to take advantage of the results in the baiting program.

  • Roach research provides information for the future. Richman, Dina; Branscome, Deanna; McCoy, Tim; Miller, Dini // Pest Control;Jul98, Vol. 66 Issue 7, p44 

    Presents brief descriptions of the projects conducted by four entomology students at the University of Florida regarding the study of German cockroaches. Information on the use of synergized heat as a pesticide alternative; Investigation on the bacterial fauna found in association with German...

  • Here's what I would do...solutions...  // Pest Control;Jul97, Vol. 65 Issue 7, p56 

    Presents answers to an inquiry on how to control German cockroaches in a veterinary clinic in the United States. Disease carried by cockroaches; Location of all cockroach harborages; Basic sanitation measures; Need for animal feed storage by localized in one area.

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of VIRGINIA BEACH PUBLIC LIBRARY AND SYSTEM

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics