TITLE

Life style related to blood pressure and body weight in adolescence: cross sectional data from the Young-HUNT study, Norway

AUTHOR(S)
Fasting, Magnus H.; Nilsen, Tom I. L.; Holmen, Turid L.; Vik, Torstein
PUB. DATE
January 2008
SOURCE
BMC Public Health;2008, Vol. 8, p111
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Background: The associations between physical activity, unhealthy dietary habits and cigarette smoking and blood pressure, overweight and obesity are well established in adulthood. This is not the case for similar associations in adolescence. Thus, the purpose of this study is to examine how physical activity, smoking status and dietary habits were related to overweight, obesity and blood pressure in a population of Norwegian adolescents. Methods: Weight, height, systolic (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) were measured, and body mass index (BMI) was calculated among 8408 adolescents who participated in a population based study in 1995-97 in the county of Nord-Trøndelag. Internationally accepted cut-off values were used to determine if the adolescents were overweight or obese. The adolescents also completed a detailed questionnaire including dietary habits, physical activity and smoking habits. We calculated adjusted mean blood pressures and odds ratios for being overweight or obese for different exposure categories of life style variables. Results: Low levels of physically activity were associated with increased odds of being overweight (odds ratio (OR), 1.4; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.1-1.8 in girls and OR, 2.0; 95% CI, 1.6-2.5 in boys) or obese (girls: OR, 3.1; 95% CI, 1.6-6.0; boys: OR, 3.7; 95% CI, 2.1-6.4). In addition, the least physically active girls had a 1.5 mmHg higher mean DBP compared with the most active (p-trend <0.001), and among boys this difference was 1.0 mmHg (p-trend < 0.001). Smokers were more likely to be obese (OR, 1.6; 95% CI, 1.1-2.5 in girls and 1.4; 95% CI, 0.9-2.1 in boys) compared with non-smokers. Smokers also had lower mean SBP than non-smokers; however, this finding was restricted to smokers with the lowest smoking exposure. Associations between dietary habits and weight status largely disappeared after adjusting for weight losing behaviour. Conclusion: In this population of adolescents low levels of physical activity were associated with higher mean DBP and higher odds of overweight or obesity. Smoking was also associated with higher odds of overweight and obesity. The paradoxical associations between healthy dietary habits and overweight and obesity are most likely an effect of reverse causality.
ACCESSION #
51485610

 

Related Articles

  • Influence of A.D. Bio-Phyto-Modulators in Case of Cardiovascular Diseases. Varlam, Catalina // Bulletin of the University of Agricultural Sciences & Veterinary;2010, Vol. 67 Issue 2, p516 

    Cardiovascular disease is ranked as cause of mortality in Europe, both women and men. However, cardiovascular disease can be prevented entirely. W.H.O. estimates that reducing blood pressure, obesity, smoking and cholesterol will decrease by more than half the incidence of cardiovascular...

  • Declines in Physical Activity and Higher Systolic Blood Pressure in Adolescence. Maximova, Katerina; O'Loughlin, Jennifer; Paradis, Gilles; Hanley, James A.; Lynch, John // American Journal of Epidemiology;Nov2009, Vol. 170 Issue 9, p1084 

    The authors examined the potential association between changes in the number of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) sessions per week, adiposity, and systolic blood pressure (SBP) during adolescence. SBP and anthropometric factors were assessed biannually (1999/2000, 2002, and 2004) in...

  • The correlation of blood pressure with height and weight in Korean adolescents aged 10—19 years; The Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys (2009—2011). Young-Hwan Song // Korean Journal of Pediatrics;Jan2014, Vol. 57 Issue 1, p35 

    Purpose: Height-specific blood pressure (BP) is the standard parameter used to diagnose childhoodhypertension. However, there has been some argument that weight may be a better variable than height inthe reference BP standards. Therefore, before assessing the BP status using the reference BP...

  • Children with diabetes benefit from exercise. Wolfsdorf, J. I. // Archives of Disease in Childhood;Dec2005, Vol. 90 Issue 12, p1215 

    The article presents information on how children with diabetes can benefit from physical activities. Recent report concerning the effects of regular physical activity on health and behavioral outcomes in 6-18 year old youth recommends that school age youth should participate daily in at least 60...

  • Adiposity measures and blood pressure in Chinese children and adolescents. Wang, H.; Necheles, J.; Carnethon, M.; Wang, B.; Li, Z.; Wang, L.; Liu, X.; Yang, J.; Tang, G.; Xing, H.; Xu, X.; Wang, X. // Archives of Disease in Childhood;Sep2008, Vol. 93 Issue 9, p738 

    Objective: To investigate the association of adiposity measures with blood pressure (BP) in Chinese children and adolescents. Design: A cross-sectional study. Participants: 1330 boys and 1170 girls aged 6-18 years from a rural population-based cohort of twins studied in Anhui, China, 1998-2000....

  • Childhood Obesity. Landauro, Victor // Junior Scholastic;3/7/2005, Vol. 107 Issue 14, p6 

    The article reports that almost nine million kids in the U.S. are considered overweight, which is three times the number in 1980. Health officials call the growing rate of youth obesity a national crisis. According to the American Obesity Association (AOA), about 30 percent of U.S. teens are...

  • Trends in Adolescents Obesity and the Association between BMI and Blood Pressure: A Cross-Sectional Study in 714,922 Healthy Teenagers. Chorin, Ehud; Hassidim, Ayal; Hartal, Michael; Havakuk, Ofer; Flint, Nir; Ziv-Baran, Tomer; Arbel, Yaron // American Journal of Hypertension;Sep2015, Vol. 28 Issue 9, p1157 

    BACKGROUND Seventeen percent of youth in the United States are obese. Obesity has been linked to higher prevalence of hypertension. Past studies were limited by their size and conflicting results. The aim of this study was to analyze trends in adolescents' obesity between 1998 and 2011 and to...

  • THE ASSOCIATION BETWEEN OBESITY AND BLOOD PRESSURE AMONG ADOLESCENTS IN DUBAI, UAE. bin Zaal, Afra A.; Musaiger, Abdulrahman O.; D'Souza, Reshma // Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences;Apr2010, Vol. 26 Issue 2, p271 

    Objective: To investigate the association between obesity and the risk of elevated blood pressure (BP) in adolescents in Dubai, United Arab Emirates (UAE). Methodology: Representative sample of 661 adolescents aged 12 to 17 years were selected by means of a multistage stratified random sampling...

  • Predictive Value for the Rural Chinese Population of the Framingham Hypertension Risk Model: Results From Liaoning Province. Zheng, Liqiang; Sun, Zhaoqing; Zhang, Xingang; Li, Jue; Hu, Dayi; Chen, Jie; Sun, Yingxian // American Journal of Hypertension;Mar2014, Vol. 27 Issue 3, p409 

    BACKGROUND A prediction model from the US Framingham Heart Study (FHS) population has been established to estimate an individual’s risk of developing hypertension. However, this model has not been widely tested in other cohorts. In this study, we examined the predictive capability of the...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of VIRGINIA BEACH PUBLIC LIBRARY AND SYSTEM

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics