Sense of coherence and attrition during four-year follow-up in cohorts of permanent and non-permanent Finnish employees

Liukkonen, Virpi; Virtanen, Pekka; Kivimäki, Mika; Pentti, Jaana; Vahtera, Jussi
January 2008
BMC Public Health;2008, Vol. 8 Issue 1, p88
Academic Journal
Background: We studied whether health resources, measured as sense of coherence (SOC), are associated with participation in a follow-up survey among permanent and non-permanent employees who responded at baseline. Methods: Of a cohort of 5,981 permanent employees, those who after four years were still in the service of the same employer were asked to participate in a follow-up survey. Another cohort consisted of 2,194 fixed-term and 682 subsidised employees; among these the follow-up survey was posted to those whose addresses were found in the population register. Non-participation was divided into loss to follow-up (i.e., failure to locate the individual, death and, among permanent employees, turnover or exit from labour market) and non-response to the follow-up survey. Logistic regression analyses were used to examine whether the respondents differed from the non-respondents with respect to SOC and other characteristics at baseline. Results: Among permanent employees the follow-up survey yielded 3,998 respondents, 1,051 were lost, and 932 did not reply. Among non-permanent employees the follow-up survey yielded 1,563 respondents on initially fixed-term and 467 on subsidised contracts, the corresponding figures for those lost were 145 and 38, and for the non-respondents 486 and 177. Low SOC was associated with lower response rate among fixed-term but not among permanent or subsidised employees. No association was found between SOC and loss to follow-up. Conclusion: SOC is a potential source of non-random sample attrition and should be taken into account for when estimating bias due to non-participation in occupational cohorts that include fixed-term employees.


Related Articles

  • A randomised controlled trial comparing opt-in and opt-out home visits for tracing lost participants in a prospective birth cohort study. Bray, Isabelle; Noble, Sian; Boyd, Andy; Brown, Lindsey; Hayes, Pei; Malcolm, Joanne; Robinson, Ross; Williams, Rachel; Burston, Kirsty; Macleod, John; Molloy, Lynn; Tilling, Kate // BMC Medical Research Methodology;Jul2015, Vol. 15, p1 

    Background: Attrition is an important problem in cohort studies. Tracing cohort members who have moved or otherwise lost contact with the study is vital. There is some debate about the acceptability and relative effectiveness of opt-in versus opt-out methods of contacting cohort members to...

  • Development of sense of coherence in adulthood: a person-centered approach. The population-based HeSSup cohort study. Feldt, Taru; Leskinen, Esko; Koskenvuo, Markku; Suominen, Sakari; Vahtera, Jussi; Kivimäki, Mika // Quality of Life Research;Feb2011, Vol. 20 Issue 1, p69 

    Objective: We sought to identify the most typical patterns of change in sense of coherence (SOC) in adulthood. Methods: This prospective population-based Health and Social Support (HeSSup) study was based on four age cohorts including men and women initially aged 20-24 years ( n = 4,682), 30-34...

  • Predictors of Participant Retention in a Guided Online Self-Help Program for University Students: Prospective Cohort Study. Wojtowicz, Magdalena; Day, Victor; Phd; Mcgrath, Patrick J; Eysenbach, G // Journal of Medical Internet Research;May2013, Vol. 15 Issue 5, p1 

    Background: Attrition is a persistent issue in online self-help programs, but limited research is available on reasons for attrition or successful methods for improving participant retention. One potential approach to understanding attrition and retention in such programs is to examine...

  • Effect of religiosity/spirituality and sense of coherence on depression within a rural population in Greece: the Spili III project. Anyfantakis, Dimitrios; Symvoulakis, Emmanouil K.; Linardakis, Manolis; Shea, Sue; Panagiotakos, Demosthenes; Lionis, Christos // BMC Psychiatry;2015, Vol. 15 Issue 1, p1 

    Background: Recent research has addressed the hypothesis that religiosity/spirituality and sense of coherence buffer the negative effects of stress on numerous health issues. The aim of the current study was to further this work by exploring potential links between psycho-social factors such as...

  • Are You Losing The Good People?  // Business Today;5/3/2009, Vol. 18 Issue 9, p80 

    The article discusses the importance of attrition in the business in India. The author claims that attrition have many implications in the business that either help or harm the company. It says that voluntary attrition during economic downturn will be a company's move to let their top performers...

  • The Analysis of the Impact of Panel Attrition on Estimation of Regular-Irregular Worker Wage Gap in the KLIPS. Daehyun. Kim // European Research Studies;2010, Vol. 13 Issue 4, p45 

    The aim of this paper is analyzing the effect of panel attrition on estimation of regular-irregular worker wage gap using KLIPS (Korean Labor and Income Panel Study). Using two wave sub-panels of KLIPS, we first analyze the characteristics of attritions. We find that the nonrandom attrition has...

  • Attrition Impact Management. Varma, Rahul // Annual International Conference on Human Resource Management & P;2013, p46 

    Organizations have gone through a sea change in the way they used to operate to what we currently experience, one thing that has not changed is the method in which attrition is calculated, this has remained the same over the years, decades and centuries! A one stop shop to address this is the...

  • THE GAMEPLAN FOR HR PROFESSIONALS. Goyal, Aadesh // Business Today;5/3/2009, Vol. 18 Issue 9, p84 

    The article discusses the effective ways of reducing attrition in India. The author claims that one of the most effective ways to reduce attrition is to cut the percentage of early leavers. It also says that reducing the early leavers by one half would be a big help to the business. Meanwhile,...

  • OCCUPATIONAL STRESS AMONG THE IT PROFESSIONALS. Ramu, G. // Golden Research Thoughts;Dec2013, Vol. 3 Issue 6, p1 

    The working conditions in the industry lead to high stress in the professionals. Organizations have started recognizing high stress as a worthy area to address well-being and growing attrition rate. A lot of research work has been done in the past decade addressing various issues of this...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics