TITLE

Delayed treatment of diagnosed pulmonary tuberculosis in Taiwan

AUTHOR(S)
Chern, Jimmy P. S.; Duan-Rung Chen; Tzai-Hung Wen
PUB. DATE
January 2008
SOURCE
BMC Public Health;2008, Vol. 8, p236
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Background: Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection is an ongoing public health problem in Taiwan. The National Tuberculosis Registry Campaign, a case management system, was implemented in 1997. This study examined this monitoring system to identify and characterize delayed treatment of TB patients. Methods: Records of all tuberculosis cases treated in Taiwan from 2002 through 2005 were obtained from the National Tuberculosis Registry Campaign. Initiation of treatment more than 7 days after diagnosis was considered a long treatment delay. Results: The study included 31,937 patients. The mean day of delayed treatment was 3.6 days. Most patients were treated immediately after diagnosis. The relationship between number of TB patients and days of delayed treatment after diagnosis exhibited a Power-law distribution. The long tail of the power-law distribution indicated that an extreme number occur cannot be neglected. Tuberculosis patients treated after an unusually long delay require close observation and follow up. Conclusion: This study found that TB control is generally acceptabl in Taiwan; however, delayed treatment increases the risk of transmission. Improving the protocol for managing confirmed TB cases can minimize disease transmission
ACCESSION #
51485598

 

Related Articles

  • The epidemiology of tuberculosis in Phuentsholing General Hospital: a six-year retrospective study. Wangdi, Kinley; Raj Gurung, Manish // BMC Research Notes;2012, Vol. 5 Issue 1, p311 

    Background: This study was carried out to describe the epidemiology and treatment outcomes of TB infection in Bhutan at Phuentsholing General Hospital (PGH). Retrospective analysis of TB data was carried out using data from the TB registry of PGH from 2004-2009. Comparisons were made between TB,...

  • Breaking a law: tuberculosis disobeys Styblo's rule. Dye, Christopher // Bulletin of the World Health Organization;Jan2008, Vol. 86 Issue 1, p4 

    The article discusses on the background of tuberculosis with regards to Karel Styblo's rule. It states that Styblo derived one of the guiding rules of tuberculosis epidemiology by bringing together data from 16 countries which he proposed that an annual incidence of 50 sputum-smear-positive...

  • XDR TB: How scary is it? Spak, Cedric W. // Cortlandt Forum;Jul2007, Vol. 20 Issue 7, p30 

    The article offers information about the drug-resistant tuberculosis (XDRTB). It is noted that XDR TB is killed by neither fluoroquinolones nor one of the more effective injectable antibiotics. The evolution of XDR TB is part of the natural history of resistance as MDR TB increases its ability...

  • Natural Ventilation for the Prevention of Airborne Contagion. Escombe, A. Roderick; Oeser, Clarissa C.; Gilman, Robert H.; Navincopa, Marcos; Ticona, Eduardo; Pan, William; Martínez, Carlos; Chacaltana, Jesus; Rodríguez, Richard; Moore, David A. J.; Friedland, Jon S.; Evans, Carlton A. // PLoS Medicine;Feb2007, Vol. 4 Issue 2, p309 

    Background Institutional transmission of airborne infections such as tuberculosis (TB) is an important public health problem, especially in resource-limited settings where protective measures such as negative-pressure isolation rooms are difficult to implement. Natural ventilation may offer a...

  • The emergence of Beijing genotype of Mycobacterium tuberculosis in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Hajoj, Sahal Al; Rastogi, Nalin // Annals of Thoracic Medicine;Jul-Sep2010, Vol. 5 Issue 3, p149 

    OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prevalence of Beijing genotype strains of Mycobacterium tuberculosis in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. METHODS: We analyzed the available data on a total of 1505 strains isolated during 2002-2005. RESULTS: Spoligotyping results revealed that Beijing family isolates...

  • Tuberculosis: What You Should Know.  // American Family Physician;8/15/2008, Vol. 78 Issue 4, p469 

    The article presents questions and answers related to tuberculosis (TB) including its symptoms, people who are more likely to get it and how to prevent it from spreading to other people.

  • Towards a point-of-care test for active tuberculosis: obstacles and opportunities. McNerney, Ruth; Daley, Peter // Nature Reviews Microbiology;Mar2011, Vol. 9 Issue 3, p204 

    Limited access to diagnostic services and the poor performance of current tests result in a failure to detect millions of tuberculosis cases each year. An accurate test that could be used at the point of care to allow faster initiation of treatment would decrease death rates and could reduce...

  • Mycobacterium bovis Infection, United Kingdom. Smith, Robert M. M.; Drobniewski, Francis; Gibson, Andrea; Montague, John D. E.; Logan, Margaret N.; Hunt, David; Hewinson, Glyn; Salmon, Roland L.; O'Neill, Brian // Emerging Infectious Diseases;Mar2004, Vol. 10 Issue 3, p539 

    We describe the first documented spillover of bovine tuberculosis from animals into the human population of the United Kingdom since the resurgence of the disease in cattle in the country. This finding suggests that there may be a small risk for transmission to humans, making continued vigilance...

  • Understanding of latent tuberculosis, its treatment and treatment side effects in immigrant and refugee patients. Butcher, Katie; Biggs, Beverley-Ann; Leder, Karin; Lemoh, Chris; O'Brien, Daniel; Marshall, Caroline // BMC Research Notes;2013, Vol. 6 Issue 1, p1 

    Background: Isoniazid treatment of latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) is commonly prescribed in refugees and immigrants. We aimed to assess understanding of information provided about LTBI, its treatment and potential side effects. Methods: A questionnaire was administered in clinics at a...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of VIRGINIA BEACH PUBLIC LIBRARY AND SYSTEM

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics