TITLE

SWITCH: rationale, design, and implementation of a community, school, and family-based intervention to modify behaviors related to childhood obesity

AUTHOR(S)
Eisenmann, Joey C.; Gentile, Douglas A.; Welk, Gregory J.; Callahan, Randi; Strickland, Sarah; Walsh, Monica; Walsh, David A.
PUB. DATE
January 2008
SOURCE
BMC Public Health;2008, Vol. 8, p223
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Background: Although several previous projects have attempted to address the issue of child obesity through school-based interventions, the overall effectiveness of school-based programs on health-related outcomes in youth has been poor. Thus, it has been suggested that multi-level interventions that aim to influence healthy lifestyle behaviors at the community, school and family levels may prove more successful in the prevention of childhood obesity. Methods/Design: This paper describes the rationale, design, and implementation of a community-, school-, and family-based intervention aimed at modifying key behaviors (physical activity, screen time (Internet, television, video games), and nutrition) related to childhood obesity among third through fifth graders in two mid-western cities. The intervention involves a randomized study of 10 schools (5 intervention and 5 control schools). The intervention is being conducted during the duration of the academic year - approximately 9 months - and includes baseline and post-intervention measurements of physical activity, dietary intake, screen time and body composition. Discussion: We hope this report will be useful to researchers, public health professionals, and school administrators and health professionals (nurses and physical/health educators) seeking to develop similar prevention programs. It is obvious that more collaborative, inter-disciplinary, multilevel work is needed before a proven, effective intervention package to modify behaviors related to childhood obesity can be generally recommended. It is our hope that SWITCH is a step in that direction. Trial Registration: ClinicalTrials.gov NCT00685555
ACCESSION #
51485588

 

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