TITLE

Race/ethnicity and validity of self-reported pneumococcal vaccination

AUTHOR(S)
Gordon, Nancy P.; Wortley, Pascale M.; Singleton, James A.; Lin, Teresa Y.; Bardenheier, Barbara H.
PUB. DATE
January 2008
SOURCE
BMC Public Health;2008, Vol. 8 Issue 1, p227
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Background: National and state surveys show large disparities in pneumococcal vaccination status among Whites, Blacks and Latinos aged ⩾ 65. The purpose of this study is to determine whether there is any difference in the validity of self-report for pneumococcal vaccination by race/ ethnicity that might contribute to the substantial disparities observed in population-level coverage estimates. Methods: Self-reported vaccination status was compared with medical record documentation for samples of White, Black, and Latino members of a large health plan to examine whether differences in validity of self-report contribute to observed disparities. Results: Sensitivity was significantly lower for Blacks (0.849, 95% CI 0.818-0.876) and Latinos (0.869, 95% CI 0.847-0.889) than for Whites (0.931 95% CI 0.918-0.942). Specificity was somewhat higher for Blacks than for Latinos and Whites, but the differences were not statistically significant. Coverage for Whites, Blacks and Latinos, respectively, was 84.3%, 73.5%, and 82.3% based on self-report, but 74.8%, 71.9%, and 84.2% based on medical records. Conclusion: The results of this study suggest that differential self-report error, i.e., summative effect of over-reporting and under-reporting within a race-ethnic group, may contribute to the size and direction of race-ethnic disparities in pneumococcal vaccination observed in surveys.
ACCESSION #
51485585

 

Related Articles

  • Comparative Immunogenicity and Efficacy of 13-Valent and 7-Valent Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccines in Reducing Nasopharyngeal Colonization: A Randomized Double-Blind Trial. Dagan, Ron; Patterson, Scott; Juergens, Christine; Greenberg, David; Givon-Lavi, Noga; Porat, Nurith; Gurtman, Alejandra; Gruber, William C.; Scott, Daniel A. // Clinical Infectious Diseases;Oct2013, Vol. 57 Issue 7, p952 

    The 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine compared with the 7-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV7) significantly reduced nasopharyngeal colonization of single serotypes 1, 6A, 6C, 7F, 19A, and 19F, but not serotype 3 or other PCV7 serotypes; serotype 5 had too few events for...

  • Children Who Received PCV-10 Vaccine from a Two-Dose Vial without Preservative Are Not More Likely to Develop Injection Site Abscess Compared with Those Who Received Pentavalent (DPT-HepB-Hib) Vaccine: A Longitudinal Multi-Site Study. Berhane, Yemane; Worku, Alemayehu; Demissie, Meaza; Tesfaye, Neghist; Asefa, Nega; Aniemaw, Worku; Weldearegawi, Berhe; Kebede, Yigzaw; Shiferaw, Tigist; Worku, Amare; Olijira, Lemessa; Merdekios, Behailu; Ashebir, Yemane; Tadesse, Takele; Dessie, Yadeta; Meseret, Solomon; Ayele, Gestane // PLoS ONE;Jun2014, Vol. 9 Issue 6, p1 

    Background: The single dose pneumonia ten-valent vaccine has been widely used and is highly efficacious against selected strains Streptococcus pneumonia. A two-dose vial without preservative is being introduced in developing countries to reduce the cost of the vaccine. In routine settings...

  • A community-centered approach to diabetes in East Harlem. Horowitz, Carol R.; Williams, Linda; Bickell, Nina A. // JGIM: Journal of General Internal Medicine;Jul2003, Vol. 18 Issue 7, p542 

    Objective: Residents of East Harlem, an impoverished, non-white community in New York city (NYC), have up to 5 times the mortality and complication rates of diabetes compared with NYC residents overall. To determine potentially remediable problems underlying this condition, a...

  • Racial discrimination, socioeconomic position, and illicit drug use among US Blacks. Carliner, Hannah; Delker, Erin; Fink, David; Keyes, Katherine; Hasin, Deborah; Fink, David S; Keyes, Katherine M; Hasin, Deborah S // Social Psychiatry & Psychiatric Epidemiology;Apr2016, Vol. 51 Issue 4, p551 

    Purpose: We assessed the relationship of self-reported racial discrimination with illicit drug use among US Blacks, and whether this differed by socioeconomic position (SEP).Methods: Among 6587 Black participants in Wave 2 of the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol...

  • Recurrent invasive pneumococcal disease in individuals with human immunodeficiency virus infection. McEllistrem, M. Catherine; Mendelsohn, Aaron B.; Pass, Margaret A.; Elliott, John A.; Whitney, Cynthia G.; Kolano, John A.; Harrison, Lee H. // Journal of Infectious Diseases;5/1/2002, Vol. 185 Issue 9, p1364 

    The proportion of relapses and reinfections that are potentially preventable by vaccine in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected persons with recurrent pneumococcal disease is unknown. Isolates from HIV-infected individuals from Baltimore with recurrent pneumococcal invasive disease were...

  • Knowledge, attitudes, beliefs and behaviours of older adults about pneumococcal immunization, a Public Health Agency of Canada / Canadian Institutes of Health Research Influenza Research Network (PCIRN) investigation. Schneeberg, Amy; Bettinger, Julie A.; McNeil, Shelly; Ward, Brian J.; Dionne, Marc; Cooper, Curtis; Coleman, Brenda; Loeb, Mark; Rubinstein, Ethan; McElhaney, Janet; Scheifele, David W.; Halperin, Scott A. // BMC Public Health;2014, Vol. 14 Issue 1, p1 

    Background Fewer Canadian seniors are vaccinated against pneumococcal disease than receive the influenza vaccine annually. Improved understanding of factors influencing pneumococcal vaccination among older adults is needed to improve vaccine uptake. Methods A self-administered survey measuring...

  • Revaccinate against pneumococcal disease? Pinkowish, Mary Desmond // Patient Care;11/30/1994, Vol. 28 Issue 19, p90 

    Reports that older adults who received the 23-valent pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine six or more years ago may need revaccination. Antibody determinations; Antibody levels against one third of the pneumococcal serotypes.

  • Pneumococcal vaccine encore? M.O.R. // Cortlandt Forum;2/25/96, Vol. 9 Issue 2, p112 

    Responds to queries on administering pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine. Age of vaccine administration; Recommendations for revaccination.

  • Conjugate Pneumococcal Vaccines: Need and Choice in India. Malik, Akash // Indian Journal of Community Medicine;Oct-Dec2013, Vol. 38 Issue 4, p189 

    The authors reflect on the capability of pneumococcal vaccines as a public health tool to reduce the burden of pneumococcal diseases in developing countries including India. They discuss topics such as the common risk factors leading to the development of pneumonia, the interventions targeted on...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of THE LIBRARY OF VIRGINIA

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics