Knowledge and perceptions of diabetes in a semi-urban Omani population

Shafaee, Mohammed A. Al; Al-Shukaili, Sulaiman; Rizvi, Syed Gauher A.; Farsi, Yahya Al; Khan, Mushtaq A.; Ganguly, Shyam S.; Afifi, Mustafa; Adawi, Samir Al
January 2008
BMC Public Health;2008, Vol. 8 Issue 1, p249
Academic Journal
Background: Diabetes mellitus is a major public health problem in the Sultanate of Oman. This study aimed to evaluate the knowledge and perception of diabetes in a sample of the Omani general population, and the associations between the elements of knowledge and perception, and sociodemographic factors. Methods: The study was carried out in two semi-urban localities. A total of 563 adult residents were interviewed, using a questionnaire specifically designed for the present study. In addition to demographic information, the questionnaire contained questions on knowledge related to diabetes definition, symptoms, risk factors, complications and preventative measures, as well as risk perception for diabetes. Results: Knowledge of diabetes was suboptimal. The percentages of correct responses to questions on diabetes definition, classical symptoms, and complications were 46.5%, 57.0%, and 55.1%, respectively. Only 29.5%, 20.8% and 16.9% identified obesity, physical inactivity and a positive family history, respectively, as risk factors for diabetes. A higher level of education, a higher household income, and the presence of a family history of diabetes were found to be positively associated with more knowledge. Conclusion: This study demonstrated that there is lack of awareness of major risk factors for diabetes mellitus. Level of education is the most significant predictor of knowledge regarding risk factors, complications and the prevention of diabetes. Given that the prevalence of diabetes has increased drastically in Oman over the last decade, health promotion seems essential, along with other means to prevent and control this emerging health problem.


Related Articles

  • Prevalence of obesity in panama: some risk factors and associated diseases. Mc Donald, Anselmo; Bradshaw, Ryan A.; Fontes, Flavia; Mendoza, Enrique A.; Motta, Jorge A.; Cumbrera, Alberto; Cruz, Clara // BMC Public Health;10/21/2015, Vol. 15 Issue 1, p1 

    Background: To estimate the prevalence of obesity in Panama and determine some risk factors and associated diseases in adults aged 18 years and older.Methods: A cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted in the provinces of Panama and Colon where 60.4 % of...

  • People with dementia improve with cognitive stimulation. Ryan, Patricia // Research Review (International Council on Active Aging);Mar2012, Vol. 12 Issue 9, p3 

    The article discusses research published in the July 2011 issue of "ICAA Research Review" on the association between too much sitting and diabetes. A total of 505 people reported the amount of time they spent sitting and engaging in physical activity during one week. Women who spent the longest...

  • Sex-stratified socio-economic gradients in physical inactivity, obesity, and diabetes: evidence of short-term changes in Argentina. Linetzky, Bruno; Maio, Fernando; Ferrante, Daniel; Konfino, Jonatan; Boissonnet, Carlos // International Journal of Public Health;Apr2013, Vol. 58 Issue 2, p277 

    Objectives: To evaluate how socio-economic gradients in NCDs and NCD-related risk factors change over time. Methods: Secondary analysis of cross-sectional data from the 2005 and 2009 Argentine National Risk Factor Surveys ( N = 41,392 and N = 34,732) was conducted. We analyzed inequalities in...

  • Physical inactivity in developing countries. Larouche, Richard // CMAJ: Canadian Medical Association Journal;10/7/2014, Vol. 186 Issue 14, p1092 

    A letter to the editor is presented in response to an article which focused on links between the ownership of household devices and obesity and diabetes in adults from low-income countries as compared to those from high- and middle-income countries.

  • The future of physical activity and public health. Gill, Jason; van der Ploeg, Hidde P. // Sport & Exercise Scientist;Spring2015, Issue 43, p20 

    In this article, the authors focus on public health and physical activity. Topics discussed include relationship between physical inactivity and risk factor for type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular diseases, the need for lifestyle intervention among non-white people, Asian men to get more involved...

  • Gluttons for Punishment. Persico, Jack // Review of Optometry;8/15/2012, Vol. 149 Issue 8, p20 

    The article offers the author's insights on the issue of diabetes in the U.S. The author references the study which shows that Americans account for nearly one-third of obesity compared to Asia which represents 61% but accounts for 13% of global obesity. The author states cites the study which...

  • The effects of adolescence sports and exercise on adulthood leisure-time physical activity in educational groups. Mäkinen, Tomi E.; Borodulin, Katja; Tammelin, Tuija H; Rahkonen, Ossi; Laatikainen, Tiina; Prättälä, Ritva // International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition & Physical Activit;2010, Vol. 7, p27 

    Background: Physical inactivity has become a major public health problem and clear educational differences in physical activity have been reported across Europe and USA. The origins of adulthood physical activity are suggested to be in childhood and adolescence physical activity. Hardly any...

  • Other PHAC publications.  // Maladies Chroniques et Blessures au Canada;Jan2020, Vol. 40 Issue 1, p23 

    No abstract available.

  • Energy expenditure of interruptions to sedentary behavior. Swartz, Ann M.; Squires, Leah; Strath, Scott J. // International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition & Physical Activit;2011, Vol. 8, p69 

    Background: Advances in technology, social influences and environmental attributes have resulted in substan-tial portions of the day spent in sedentary pursuits. Sedentary behavior may be a cause of many chronic diseases including obesity, insulin resistance, type 2 diabetes and the metabolic...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics