TITLE

Incidence of human brucellosis in a rural area in Western Greece after the implementation of a vaccination programme against animal brucellosis

AUTHOR(S)
Esposito, Susanna; Bosis, Samantha; Pelucchi, Claudio; Tremolati, Elena; Sabatini, Caterina; Semino, Margherita; Marchisio, Paola; Croce, Francesco della; Principi, Nicola
PUB. DATE
January 2008
SOURCE
BMC Public Health;2008, Vol. 8, p241
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Background: Brucellosis continues to be an important source of morbidity in several countries, particularly among agricultural and pastoral populations. The purpose of this study was to examine if there is an effect on the incidence of human brucellosis after the implementation of an animal brucellosis control programme. Methods: The study was conducted in the Municipality of Tritaia in the Prefecture of Achaia in Western Greece during the periods 1997-1998 and 2000-2002. Health education efforts were made during 1997-1998 to make the public take preventive measures. In the time period from January 1999 to August 2002 a vaccination programme against animal brucellosis was realised in the specific region. The vaccine used was the B. melitensis Rev-1 administered by the conjuctival route. Comparisons were performed between the incidence rates of the two studied periods. Results: There was a great fall in the incidence rate between 1997-1998 (10.3 per 1,000 population) and the period 2000-2002 after the vaccination (0.3 per 1,000 population). The considerable decrease of the human incidence rate is also observed in the period 2000-2002 among persons whose herds were not as yet vaccinated (1.4 vs. 10.3 per 1,000 population), indicating a possible role of health education in the decline of human brucellosis. Conclusion: The study reveals a statistically significant decline in the incidence of human brucellosis after the vaccination programme and underlines the importance of an ongoing control of animal brucellosis in the prevention of human brucellosis. The reduction of human brucellosis can be best achieved by a combination of health education and mass animal vaccination.
ACCESSION #
51485560

 

Related Articles

  • Reducing the Risk of HIV by 90 Percent. Wilson, Phill // Chicago Citizen - South Suburban Edition;9/2/2015, Vol. 34 Issue 44, p9 

    This article reports that the Black treatment advocate networks of the Black AIDS Institute are hosting Pre-exposure Prophylaxis (PrEP) forums around the U.S. to raise awareness and educate communities about PrEP. Topics discussed include the conduct of such forums at places like Ft. Lauderdale,...

  • Non-communicable diseases in Mozambique: risk factors, burden, response and outcomes to date. Silva-Matos, Carla; Beran, David // Globalization & Health;2012, Vol. 8 Issue 1, p37 

    Mozambique is located on the East Coast of Africa bordering South Africa, Zimbabwe, Zambia, Malawi and Tanzania and is one of the poorest countries in the world. Currently NCDs account for 28% of deaths in Mozambique. Risk factors such as tobacco and alcohol use and poor diet are present in both...

  • DESIGN AND IMPLEMENTATION OF AN OSTEOPOROSIS PREVENTION PROGRAM USING THE HEALTH BELIEF MODEL. Turner, Lori W.; Hunt, Sharon B.; DiBrezzo, Ro; Jones, Ches // American Journal of Health Studies;2004, Vol. 19 Issue 2, p115 

    Osteoporosis is a crippling condition that often results in premature mortality and significant morbidity that is manifested in the form of fractures, bone deformity, and pain. Osteoporosis is a serious public health problem that affects 25 million people in the United States, 80% of whom are...

  • Yoga and Dietary Tips for Good Liver Health. Brummer, Meggan // Positive Health;Feb2007, Issue 132, p45 

    The article offers tips to have a healthy liver. Accordingly, liver is considered sluggish when the person suffers from a sluggish digestive system, overweight, indigestion, irritable bowel syndrome, frequent fatigue or chronic fatigue, headaches, and has a coated tongue and bad breath. To avoid...

  • Working Women Identify Influences and Obstacles to Breast Health Practices. Stamler, Lynnette Leeseberg; Thomas, Barbara; Lafreniere, Kathryn // Oncology Nursing Forum;Jun2000, Vol. 27 Issue 5, p835 

    Deals with a study which examined factors contributing to participation in breast screening in working women to drive health education planning and implementation. Methods; Results; Discussion.

  • The impact of a school-based health education programme on knowledge regarding risk factors for chronic diseases of lifestyle: A pilot study. Frantz, J. M. // African Journal for Physical, Health Education, Recreation & Dan;Jun2011 Supplement, p61 

    The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a health education programme on the risk factors of chronic diseases of lifestyle. This study adopted a one-group pretest posttest non-experimental design. The study sample consisted of 93 grade 8 and 9 learners at a high school in the...

  • China waking up to a pandemic.  // Advocate;9/14/2004, Issue 922, p24 

    After years of relative silence on a rapidly expanding AIDS epidemic in this nation of over 1.2 billion people, the Chinese government recently launched several public projects in 2004 to combat the disease, including the nation's first AIDS prevention campaign targeting gay and bisexual men....

  • THE LATEST. COLDFARB, BEN // High Country News;2/3/2014, Vol. 46 Issue 2, p6 

    The article offers information on the U.S. Yellowstone National Park's bison which are slaughtered whenever they head for lower winter range as most of the herd tests positive for brucellosis disease and also mentions planning of the park administrators to vaccinate bison with biobullets.

  • Demonstrated and Promising Practices That Improve Older Adult Vaccination Rates. Baler, Rosa R. // Public Policy & Aging Report;Fall2012, Vol. 22 Issue 4, p11 

    The article explains a three-part approach to improving vaccination rates among older adults, calling for strategies aimed at access, demand and system change. The strategies discussed include select interventions from the evidence based and strategies based on experience improving adult...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of VIRGINIA BEACH PUBLIC LIBRARY AND SYSTEM

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics