The prevalence and correlates of physical inactivity among adults in Ho Chi Minh City

Trinh, Oanh T. H.; Nguyen, Nguyen D.; Dibley, Michael J.; Phongsavan, Philayrath; Bauman, Adrian E.
January 2008
BMC Public Health;2008, Vol. 8 Issue 1, p204
Academic Journal
Background: Socioeconomic changes have led to profound changes in individuals' lifestyles, including the adoption of unhealthy food consumption patterns, prevalent tobacco use, alcohol abuse and physical inactivity, especially in large cities like Ho Chi Minh City (HCMC). The Stepwise Approach to Surveillance of Non-communicable Disease Risk Factors survey was conducted to identify physical activity patterns and factors associated with 'insufficient' levels of physical activity for health in adults in HCMC. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted in 2005 among 1906 adults aged 25-64 years using a probability proportional to size cluster sampling method to estimate the prevalence of non-communicable disease risk factors including physical inactivity. Data on socioeconomic status, health behaviours, and time spent in physical activity during work, commuting and leisure time were collected. Physical activity was measured using the validated Global Physical Activity Questionnaire (GPAQ). Responders were classified as 'sufficiently active' or 'insufficiently active' using the GPAQ protocol. Correlates of insufficient physical activity were identified using multivariable logistic regression. Results: A high proportion of adults were physically inactive, with only 56.2% (95% CI = 52.1-60.4) aged 25-64 years in HCMC achieving the minimum recommendation of 'doing 30 minutes moderate-intensity physical activity for at least 5 days per week'. The main contributors to total physical activity among adults were from working and active commuting. Leisure-time physical activity represented a very small proportion (9.4%) of individuals' total activity level. Some differences in the pattern of physical activity between men and women were noted, with insufficient activity levels decreasing with age among women, but not among men. Physical inactivity was positively associated with high income (OR = 1.77, 95% CI = 1.05-2.97) and high household wealth index (OR = 1.86, 95% CI = 1.29-2.66) amongst men. Conclusion: Public health policies and programs to preserve active commuting in HCMC and to promote time spent in recreational physical activity in both genders and across all age groups, but especially among young adults, will be critical in any comprehensive national plan to tackle inactivity. Clear and consistent national recommendations about how much physical activity Vietnamese people need for preventing and managing non-communicable diseases should also be part of this population-wide promotional effort.


Related Articles

  • THE CONSEQUENCES OF SLOTH. CARDINAL, BRADLEY J.; JELINEK, BENJAMIN C. // American Fitness;May/Jun2012, Vol. 30 Issue 3, p58 

    The article discusses the health implications of spending several hours sitting. It reveals that sedentary lifestyle may lead to chronic health problems such as heart disease, type 2 diabetes and obesity. The authors emphasize the importance of exercise to counteract or prevent the negative...

  • Physical Activity, Sedentary Behavior, and Health: Paradigm Paralysis or Paradigm Shift? Katzmarzyk, Peter T. // Diabetes;Nov2010, Vol. 59 Issue 11, p2717 

    The article discusses the health implications of physical activity and sedentary lifestyle or behavior. Studies that illustrate the association between physical activity, cardiorespiratory fitness and all-cause mortality are discussed. The influence of sedentary behavior on health, mortality and...

  • The Intersection of Public Policy and Health Behavior Theory in the Physical Activity Arena. Dunton, Genevieve F.; Cousineau, Michael; Reynolds, Kim D. // Journal of Physical Activity & Health;Mar2010 Supplement 1, Vol. 7, pS91 

    Background: Policy strategies aimed at modifying aspects of the social, physical, economic, and educational environments have been proposed as potential solutions to the growing problem of physical inactivity. To develop effective physical activity policies in these and other areas, greater...

  • ESTILO DE VIDA EM HIPERTENSOS FREQUENTADORES DO PROGRAMA "ACADEMIA DA CIDADE", RECIFE, BRASIL. da Silva Paes, Isabella Martins Barbosa; Fontbonne, Annick; Pessoa Cesse, Eduarda Ângela // Revista Brasileira em Promoção da Saúde;out/dez 2011, Vol. 24 Issue 4, p340 

    Objective: To identify the lifestyle of hypertensive patients attending the "Academia da Cidade" program of the VI Sanitary District, in Recife-PE, Brazil, with regard to behaviors that can influence the control of risk factors for complications of hypertension. Methods: A descriptive,...

  • Physical Activity and Exercise for Cardiovascular Prevention - Where Do We Come from, where Do We Go? K., Königstein; A., Schmidt-Trucksäss // German Journal of Sports Medicine / Deutsche Zeitschrift fur Spo;Jan2020, Vol. 71 Issue 1, p3 

    No abstract available.

  • Physical Activity and Cardiovascular Risk: 10 Metabolic Equivalents or Bust. Barnes, Jill N.; Joyner, Michael J. // Mayo Clinic Proceedings;Dec2013, Vol. 88 Issue 12, p1353 

    The authors discuss the relationship between lack of physical activity and cardiovascular risk. They enumerate several health benefits of regular exercise such as improvements in mental health. They call on physicians to emphasize the health benefits of physical activity with their patients....

  • Effect of Endurance Exercise Training and Curcumin Intake on Central Arterial Hemodynamics in Postmenopausal Women: Pilot Study. Sugawara, Jun; Akazawa, Nobuhiko; Miyaki, Asako; Choi, Youngju; Tanabe, Yoko; Imai, Tomoko; Maeda, Seiji // American Journal of Hypertension;Jun2012, Vol. 25 Issue 6, p651 

    BackgroundLifestyle modification (i.e., regular physical activity and diet) is effective in preventing the age-related increase in cardiovascular disease risks. Potential therapeutic effects of curcumin (diferuloylmethane) have been confirmed on various diseases, including cancer and Alzheimer's...

  • Understanding Obesity Health Risks. Brehm, Barbara A. // Fitness Management;Feb2007, Vol. 23 Issue 2, p55 

    The article presents some of the ways obesity interferes with maintaining good health. It offers information on the effect of obesity on one's health and the importance of developing a healthy lifestyle, good eating habits and plenty of physical activity. The association of obesity with the...

  • Effects of a lifestyle intervention on adiposity and fitness in overweight or low fit preschoolers (Ballabeina). Niederer, I.; Bürgi, F.; Ebenegger, V.; Marques‐Vidal, P.; Schindler, C.; Nydegger, A.; Kriemler, S.; Puder, J. J. // Obesity (19307381);Mar2013, Vol. 21 Issue 3, pE287 

    Objective: Overweight (OW) and low fit children represent cardiovascular high-risk groups. A multidimensional school-based lifestyle intervention performed in 652 preschoolers reduced skinfold thickness and waist circumference, and improved fitness, but did not affect BMI. The objective of this...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics