Prevalence and social environment of cigarette smoking in Cyprus youth

Christophi, Costas A.; Kolokotroni, Ourania; Alpert, Hillel R.; Warren, Charles W.; Jones, Nathan R.; Demokritou, Philip; Connolly, Gregory N.
January 2008
BMC Public Health;2008, Vol. 8, p190
Academic Journal
Background: Tobacco use is the single most preventable cause of morbidity and mortality in humans. Limited data exist regarding the extent of the problem among Cyprus youth. We use the Global Youth Tobacco Survey to assess the prevalence of cigarette smoking among middle and high school students as well as the social environment in which this is taking place. Methods: The survey was conducted by the Cyprus International Institute for the Environment and Public Health in association with Harvard School of Public Health. A two-stage cluster sample design was used to select a representative sample of students from middle and high schools registered with the Republic of Cyprus in 2005-2006. The study questionnaire consisted of 99 questions and participation in the survey was voluntary. Statistical analyses were performed taking into consideration the specific design of the study and the sample weights associated with each completed questionnaire. Results: The prevalence of current smoking, defined as having smoked cigarettes on one or more days of the past 30 days, is 13% among boys and 7% among girls in middle schools, and 36% among boys and 23% among girls in high schools. Furthermore, 16% of middle school students and more than 24% of high school students that had never smoked indicated that they are likely to initiate smoking within the next year. Exposure to environmental tobacco smoke is also very high with 91% of students reporting being exposed to smoke in places outside home. In addition, more than 95% of current smokers reported that they had bought cigarettes in a store during the past month and were not refused cigarettes because of their age. Conclusion: Smoking prevalence among Cyprus middle and high school students is high and there are indications of an increase in the prevalence of smoking among girls over the last few years. Susceptibility rates, exposure to second-hand smoke, and access to and availability of cigarettes to youth are also high and concerning. The present survey indicates that the problem of cigarette smoking among youth in Cyprus is significant and requires collective action immediately.


Related Articles

  • FRECVENÅ¢E ÅžI EVOLUÅ¢II ALE FUMATULUI LA LICEENI ÃŽN JUDEÅ¢UL BOTOÅžANI. Bucşa, Doina // Acta Medica Transilvanica;sep2011, Vol. 16 Issue 3, p42 

    Smoking is nowadays one of the most outspread human habits and the toxic effects of the tobacco on the health, although they were suspected, mentioned and sustained with more or less convincing arguments, they were scientifically proven in the late XX century. That is the reason for which we...

  • Potts Disease In Children And Adolescents In Calabar, Nigeria. Odey, Friday A.; Umoh, Ukeme U.; Meremikwu, Martin M.; Udosen, Anthony M. // Internet Journal of Infectious Diseases;2007, Vol. 6 Issue 1, p5 

    Study Design: This is a retrospective study of tuberculosis of the spine over a 12 year period. Objectives: To highlight the importance and clinical presentations of Pott's disease in this locality. Setting: The study is conducted in the pediatric ward of the university of Calabar teaching...

  • Back, neck, and shoulder pain in Finnish adolescents: national cross sectional surveys. Hakala, Paula; Rimpelä, Arja; Salminen, Jouko J; Virtanen, Suvi M; Rimpelä, Matti // BMJ: British Medical Journal (International Edition);10/5/2002, Vol. 325 Issue 7367, p743 

    Abstract Objectives: To study changes in pain of the back and neck in adolescents between 1985 and 2001 and pain of the neck, shoulder, and lower back between 1991 and 2001. Design: Biennial nationwide postal surveys, 1985-2001, and annual classroom surveys, 1996-2001. Setting Finland....

  • Improving Population Attributable Fraction Methods: Examining Smoking-attributable Mortality for 87 Geographic Regions in Canada. Tanuseputro, Peter; Manuel, Douglas G.; Schultz, Susan E.; Johansen, Helen; Mustard, Cameron A. // American Journal of Epidemiology;Apr2005, Vol. 161 Issue 8, p787 

    Smoking-attributable mortality (SAM) is the number of deaths in a population caused by smoking. In this study, the authors examined and empirically quantified the effects of methodological problems in the estimation of SAM through population attributable fraction methods. In addition to...

  • Methodological Issues in Estimating Smoking-attributable Mortality in the United States. Malarcher, Ann M.; Schulman, Jane; Epstein, Leonardo A.; Thun, Michael J.; Mowery, Paul; Pierce, Ben; Escobedo, Luis; Giovino, Gary A. // American Journal of Epidemiology;Sep2000, Vol. 152 Issue 6, p573 

    The authors explored two methodological issues in the estimation of smoking-attributable mortality for the United States. First, age-specific and age-adjusted relative risk, attributable fraction, and smoking-attributable mortality estimates obtained using data from the American Cancer Society's...

  • CARACTERIZARE DINAMICÄ‚ A CONSECINÅ¢ELOR MEDICOSOCIALE ALE PATOLOGIEI TRAUMATICE ÃŽN JUD. SIBIU. Dura, Sanda; Baier, I.; Bologa, C. V.; Sabău, D. // Acta Medica Transilvanica;jun2011, Vol. 16 Issue 2, p190 

    The paper proposes a dynamic analysis of the main epidemiological characteristics of traumatic pathology in Sibiu County. The descriptive survey method is based on data collected from forensic acts performed by the Forensic Service of Sibiu County on the victims who suffered injuries. The...

  • Paternal Smoking and Increased Risk of Infant and Under-5 Child Mortality in Indonesia. Semba, Richard D.; De Pee, Saskia; Sun, Kai; Best, Cora M.; Sari, Mayang; Bloem, Martin W. // American Journal of Public Health;Oct2008, Vol. 98 Issue 10, p1824 

    We examined the relationship between paternal smoking and child mortality. Among 361021 rural and urban families in Indonesia, paternal smoking was associated with increased infant mortality (rural, odds ratio [OR] = 1.30; 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.24, 1.35; urban, OR = 1.10; 95% CI =...

  • Morbidity and Mortality among US Adolescents: An Overview of Data and Trends. Sells, C. Wayne; Blum, Robert Wm. // American Journal of Public Health;Apr96, Vol. 86 Issue 4, p513 

    Objectives. This article reviews the health status of adolescents in the United States 1979 through 1994. Methods. An extensive array of data from federal agencies, private organizations, and published literature was reviewed, analyzed, and cross-validated. Results. Significant shifts in...

  • Restricting the retail supply of tobacco to minors. Tutt, Douglas; Bauer, Lyndon; DiFranza, Joseph // Journal of Public Health Policy;2009, Vol. 30 Issue 1, p68 

    To examine the impact of enforcement of age-restricted tobacco sales on adolescent tobacco purchasing and smoking, we compared the Central Coast intervention area to the rest of New South Wales (NSW) and Australia. We collected data on students in school years 7–12 from triennial health...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics