Post-graduation migration intentions of students of Lebanese medical schools: a survey study

Akl, Elie A.; Maroun, Nancy; Major, Stella; Afif, Claude; Abdo, Abir; Choucair, Jacques; Sakr, Mazen; Li, Carl K.; Grant, Brydon J. B.; Sch√ľnemann, Holger J.
January 2008
BMC Public Health;2008, Vol. 8 Issue 1, p191
Academic Journal
Background: The international migration of physicians is a global public health problem. Lebanon is a source country with the highest emigration factor in the Middle East and North Africa and the 7th highest in the World. Given that residency training abroad is a critical step in the migration of physicians, the objective of this study was to survey students of Lebanese medical schools about their intentions to train abroad and their post training plans. Methods: Our target population consisted of all students of Lebanese medical schools in the pre-final and final years of medical school. We developed the survey questionnaire based on the results of a qualitative study assessing the intentions and motives for students of Lebanese medical schools to train abroad. The questionnaire inquired about student's demographic and educational characteristics, intention to train abroad, the chosen country of abroad training, and post-training intention of returning to Lebanon. Results: Of 576 eligible students, 425 participated (73.8% response rate). 406 (95.5%) respondents intended to travel abroad either for specialty training (330 (77.6%)) or subspecialty training (76 (17.9%)). Intention to train abroad was associated with being single compared with being married. The top 4 destination countries were the US (301(74.1%)), France (49 (12.1%)), the United Kingdom (31 (7.6%)) and Canada (17 (4.2%)). One hundred and two (25.1%) respondents intended to return to Lebanon directly after finishing training abroad; 259 (63.8%) intended to return to Lebanon after working abroad temporarily for a varying number or years; 43 (10.6%) intended to never return to Lebanon. The intention to stay indefinitely abroad was associated male sex and having a 2nd citizenship. It was inversely associated with being a student of one of the French affiliated medical schools and a plan to train in a surgical specialty. Conclusion: An alarming percentage of students of Lebanese medical schools intend to migrate for post graduate training, mainly to the US. A minority intends to return directly to Lebanon after finishing training abroad.


Related Articles

  • Partial H-1B Visa Relief Enacted. Webster, Hugh K. // Welding Journal;Feb2005, Vol. 84 Issue 2, p4 

    Reports on the enactment of a law that exempts up to 20,000 advanced-degree graduates of United States universities from the fiscal year 2005 cap on H-1B visas. Overview of the H-1B visa program; Fees that the H-1B legislation proposes to collect; Requirements for employers.

  • Learning pathology using collaborative vs. individual annotation of whole slide images: a mixed methods trial. Sahota, Michael; Leung, Betty; Dowdell, Stephanie; Velan, Gary M. // BMC Medical Education;12/12/2016, Vol. 16, p1 

    Background: Students in biomedical disciplines require understanding of normal and abnormal microscopic appearances of human tissues (histology and histopathology). For this purpose, practical classes in these disciplines typically use virtual microscopy, viewing digitised whole slide images in...

  • Migration of Recent College Graduates: Evidence form the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth. Kodrzycki, Yolanda K. // New England Economic Review;Jan/Feb2001, p13 

    Presents information on a study which examined the cross-state migration of college graduates in the United States from 1979 to 1996. Geographic mobility of young adults based on educational attainment and region of the country; Patterns of migration; Reasons for migration; Economic...

  • The financial losses from the migration of nurses from Malawi. Muula, Adamson S.; Panulo Jr., Ben; Maseko, Fresier C. // BMC Nursing;2006, Vol. 5, p9 

    Background: The migration of health professionals trained in Africa to developed nations has compromised health systems in the African region. The financial losses from the investment in training due to the migration from the developing nations are hardly known. Methods: The cost of training a...

  • The Bidwell-Bartelson Party: The Beginning of the Great Migration. Munkres, Robert L. // Journal of the West;Oct91, Vol. 30 Issue 4, p64 

    Focuses on the Bidwell-Bartelson party, the first emigrant train to traverse the trail to California. Members of the party; Route of the Bidwell-Bartelson party.

  • Too Much, Not Too Little? Frolund, Flemming // British Medical Journal;5/3/1975, Vol. 2 Issue 5965, p264 

    Comments on the emigration of Danish young doctors to solve the problems of the surplus. Interest of students and young doctors on the social aspects of medicine; Clinical hospital training of general practitioners; Consequences of compulsory training scheme.

  • Land of the fee. Bagnall, Diana // Bulletin with Newsweek;7/24/2001, Vol. 119 Issue 6284, p15 

    Focuses on the immigration policy in Australia. Government treatment of detained refugees and attitude toward asylum seekers; Reform to the skilled selection system; Increase in the number of full-fee overseas students training.

  • As one door closes... Brumfiel, Geoff // Nature;1/15/2004, Vol. 427 Issue 6971, p190 

    This article analyzes how immigration controls introduced under the policy "war on terror" are restricting the flow of foreign researchers into the United States, and with other countries moving in on this pool of talent, will the balance of scientific power shift? Britain and Australia may be...

  • Migratory Trends of Medical Graduates in India. Aggarwal, Sourabh; Rai, Abhishek; Bath, Khushbir Singh; Singh, Harkirat; Sharma, Vishal // Journal of Pioneering Medical Sciences;Oct-Dec2014, Vol. 4 Issue 4, p155 

    BACKGROUND: India has one of the largest medical education systems in the world but approximately one-third of fresh medical graduates leave India every year for residency training or practice abroad, with approximately 2.5-5% leaving for the United States. Although physician 'brain drain' has...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics