TITLE

Relationship between parental locus of control and caries experience in preschool children - cross-sectional survey

AUTHOR(S)
Lenčová, Erika; Pikhart, Hynek; Broukal, Zdeněk; Tsakos, Georgios
PUB. DATE
January 2008
SOURCE
BMC Public Health;2008, Vol. 8, p208
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Background: Due to high prevalence and serious impacts, childhood caries represents a public health issue. Behavioural risk factors such as locus of health control have been implicated in the development of the disease; however their association with childhood caries has not been thoroughly studied. The aim of this cross-sectional survey was to assess the relationship between parental locus of health control and caries experience and untreated caries of their preschool children in a representative sample in Czech Republic, adjusting for relevant sociodemographic characteristics. Methods: A representative sample of 285 preschool children and their parents was recruited. Study data included children's dental status recorded in nurseries and parental questionnaires with 13 attitudinal items regarding locus of control (LoC) in caries prevention. The association between parental locus of control and children's caries experience and level of untreated caries was analysed using logistic regression, adjusting for the effect of key sociodemographic variables. Results: There was a statistically highly significant linear trend between increased parental LoC and higher probability of the children to be free from untreated caries, independent from the effect of sociodemographic variables of children and parents. A similar highly statistically significant trend, although not entirely linear, and independent from sociodemographic variables was observed with respect to the chance of the children to be free from caries experience with increasing strength of parental LoC. After full adjustment, children in the strongest parental LoC quintile were 2.81 (I.23I 6.42, p< 0.05) times more likely to be free from untreated caries in comparison to the weakest parental LoC quintile and 2.32 (1.02-5.25, p< 0.05) times more likely to be free from caries experience in comparison to the weakest parental LoC quintile. Conclusion: The findings support the hypothesis that higher internal parental LoC is associated with better control of both untreated caries and caries experience in their preschool children and highlight that a more internal LoC within the family is advantageous in the prevention of dental caries.
ACCESSION #
51485316

 

Related Articles

  • Prevalencia de caries temprana de la infancia en niños con enfermedades respiratorias crónicas. ECHEVERRÍA L., SONIA; HERRERA G., OSCAR; HENRÍQUEZ D’A., EUGENIA; SEPÚLVEDA R., ROSA; MALDONADO L., PA ULA // Revista Chilena de Pediatría;2012, Vol. 83 Issue 6, p563 

    Introduction: Children with chronic health conditions may have an increased risk for developing caries. Although the literature on early childhood cavities (ECC) is extensive, little is known about its prevalence in children with these conditions. Objective: To determine the prevalence of ECC in...

  • Prevalencia de maloclusiones y trastornos del habla en una población preescolar del oriente de la Ciudad de México. Aranza, Olga Taboada; Zurita, Anabel Torres; Cazares Martínez, Claudia E.; Cuanalo, Leticia Orozco // Boletin Medico del Hospital Infantil de Mexico (Departamento de ;nov/dic2011, Vol. 68 Issue 6, p425 

    Background. In regard to conditions of the oral cavity in children, malocclusions occur with a prevalence of 60%, whereas the most common speech disorder among school-age children are the changes in pronunciation known as dyslalias, with a prevalence of 70%. The aim of this study was to describe...

  • Socio-behavioral factors influence prevalence and severity of dental caries in children with primary dentition. Borges, Heloisa Carvalho; Saliba Garbín, Cléa Adas; Saliba, Orlando; Saliba, Nemre Adas; Saliba Moimaz, Suzely Adas // Brazilian Oral Research;Nov/Dec2012, Vol. 26 Issue 6, p564 

    The aim of this study was to analyze the influence of sociobehavioral variables on the prevalence and severity of dental caries in 4- to 6-year-old children. A cross-sectional study was performed on a sample of 1993 children enrolled in 58 public preschools from Araçatuba City, São Paulo...

  • Fluoride varnish may be effective in preschoolers. O'Keefe, Emma // Evidence-Based Dentistry;Jun2011, Vol. 12 Issue 2, p41 

    Data sourcesBBO, Lilacs, Medline and the Cochrane library were searched.Study selectionRandomised or quasi-randomised controlled clinical trials (RCTs) or controlled clinical trials (CCTs) conducted in children up to six years of age undergoing any form of topical fluoride application reporting...

  • Hawaii lawmakers consider statewide fluoridation plan.  // Nation's Health;Mar2000, Vol. 30 Issue 2, p8 

    Reports on the introduction of a bill in Hawaii that would implement water fluoridation statewide. Statistical information on the incidence of tooth decay among children in Hawaii; Stance of the Hawaii Public Health Association; Potential benefits of the proposal.

  • Cárie dentária e fluorose em município na Região Norte sem água fluoretada. de Sousa, Kathleen Rebelo; de Almeida, Maria Eliana Cruz; de Sousa, Maria da Luz Rosário // ConScientiae Saude;2010, Vol. 9 Issue 4, p563 

    Introduction: Manaus has no fluoride in public water supply, even though is the eighth most populated city in Brazil. Objective: The aim in this paper was to know the oral health status of the 12-year-old scholars in relation to dental caries, in this large city without fluoridation of public...

  • National Supervised Toothbrushing Program and Dental Decay in Scotland. Macpherson, L.M.D.; Anopa, Y.; Conway, D.I.; McMahon, A.D. // Journal of Dental Research;Feb2013, Vol. 92 Issue 2, p109 

    We aimed to assess the association between the roll-out of the national nursery toothbrushing program and a reduction in dental decay in five-year-old children in a Scotland-wide population study. The intervention was supervised toothbrushing in nurseries and distribution of fluoride toothpaste...

  • A Two-year Randomized Clinical Trial of Chlorhexidine Varnish on Dental Caries in Chinese Preschool Children. Du, M. Q.; Tai, B. J.; Jiang, H.; Lo, E. C. M.; Fan, M. W.; Bian, Z. // Journal of Dental Research;Jun2006, Vol. 85 Issue 6, p557 

    The objective of this study was to assess the effect of six-monthly professional applications of chlorhexidine varnish on the prevention of dental caries in primary molars in Chinese preschool children. In a double-blinded, randomized, placebo-controlled clinical trial, 334 children aged 4-5...

  • Nutritional status and early childhood caries among preschool children in Pasir Mas, Kelantan, Malaysia. Ruhaya, Hasan; Jaafar, Nasruddin; Jamaluddin, Marhazlinda; Ismail, Abdul Rashid; Ismail, Noorliza Mastura; Badariah, Tambi Chek; Mat, Azizah; Mohamed, Siti Zaitun // Archives of Orofacial Science;2012, Vol. 7 Issue 2, p56 

    This is a cross-sectional study in a representative sample of preschool children from 12 preschools (TADIKA KEMAS) Pasir Mas, Kelantan, Malaysia. Data on socioeconomic status and sources of water supply at home were collected through interview with mothers. Children's anthropometric data (height...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of VIRGINIA BEACH PUBLIC LIBRARY AND SYSTEM

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics