TITLE

Word Learning in Children With Primary Language Impairment: A Meta-Analysis

AUTHOR(S)
Pui Fong Kan; Windsor, Jennifer
PUB. DATE
June 2010
SOURCE
Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research;Jun2010, Vol. 53 Issue 3, p739
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Purpose: The present study is a meta-analysis that examines the difference in novel word learning performance between children with primary language impairment (LI) and typically developing children. Participant and task characteristics were examined as variables that potentially moderated children's word learning. Method: Eight hundred and forty-six published studies were retrieved from conventional databases (PsycINFO, MEDLINE, and Web of Science). Of these studies, 28 met the criteria for inclusion in the meta-analysis, yielding 244 effect sizes across experimental conditions. Results: LI groups showed significantly lower word learning performance than typical age-matched groups and equivalent performance to typical language-matched groups. Moderator analyses showed that the magnitude of the group difference relative to age peers was significantly associated with participants' chronological age, receptive language and cognitive abilities, task and novel word type, and the extent of novel word exposure. Conclusion: The difference in novel word learning performance between children with LI and age-matched children is strongly affected by task and participant characteristics in the primary studies.
ACCESSION #
51406278

 

Related Articles

  • Statistical Learning in Children With Specific Language Impairment. Evans, Julia L.; Saffran, Jenny R.; Robe-Torres, Kathryn // Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research;Apr2009, Vol. 52 Issue 2, p321 

    Purpose: In this study, the authors examined (a) whether children with specific language impairment (SLI) can implicitly compute the probabilities of adjacent sound sequences, (b) if this ability is related to degree of exposure, (c) if it is domain specific or domain general and, (d) if it is...

  • Lexical-Semantic Organization in Children With Specific Language Impairment. Li Sheng; McGregor, Karla K. // Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research;Feb2010, Vol. 53 Issue 1, p146 

    Purpose: To determine whether children with specific language impairment (SLI) show deficits in lexical-semantic organization and, if so, whether these deficits are commensurate with their delay in vocabulary size and whether the deficits affect all children with SLI. Method: Fourteen children...

  • PHONOLOGICAL PROCESSING IN SUBJECTS WITH SPECIFIC LANGUAGE IMPAIRMENT. Nicolielo, Ana Paola; de Vasconcellos Hage, Simone Rocha // Revista CEFAC;nov/dez2014, Vol. 16 Issue 6, p1820 

    Purpose: to compare the children performance with specific language impairment and normal language development in phonological memory, phonological awareness and lexical access abilities. Methods: 40 subjects, aged between 7 and 10 years old were subdivided in 2 groups: 20 with Specific Language...

  • An evaluation of the written texts of children with SLI: the contributions of oral language, reading and phonological short-term memory. Mackie, Clare; Dockrell, Julie; Lindsay, Geoff // Reading & Writing;Jul2013, Vol. 26 Issue 6, p865 

    In this study, we performed a fine grained analysis of writing by children with a specific language impairment (SLI) and examined the contribution of oral language, phonological short-term memory (STM), nonverbal ability, and word reading to three writing constructs (productivity, complexity and...

  • Differences in the Nonword Repetition Performance of Children With and Without Specific Language Impairment: A Meta-Analysis. Estes, Katharine Graf; Evans, Julia L.; Else-Quest, Nicole M. // Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research;Feb2007, Vol. 50 Issue 1, p177 

    Purpose: This study presents a meta-analysis of the difference in nonword repetition performance between children with and without specific language impairment (SLI). The authors investigated variability in the effect sizes (i.e., the magnitude of the difference between children with and without...

  • B-24 Is There a Global Procedural Learning Deficit in Children with Specific Language Impairment? Desmottes, L; Maillart, C; Meulemans, T // Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology;Sep2014, Vol. 29 Issue 6, p545 

    Objective: The study of procedural learning abilities in children with Specific Language Impairment (Procedural Deficit Hypothesis, PDH) remains a relatively unexplored field of research. Since most evidence comes from studies using tasks which involve learning of sequenced patterns, research...

  • Investigating Mechanisms of Suppression in Preschool Children With Specific Language Impairment. Spaulding, Tammie J. // Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research;Jun2010, Vol. 53 Issue 3, p725 

    Purpose: This study investigated 2 suppression mechanisms—(a) resistance to distracter interference and (b) inhibition of a prepotent response—in preschool children with specific language impairment (SLI) and their typically developing peers. Method: Twenty-two preschool children...

  • Age 13 Language and Reading Outcomes in Late-Talking Toddlers. Rescorla, Leslie // Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research;Apr2005, Vol. 48 Issue 2, p459 

    Language and reading outcomes at 13 years of age were examined in 28 children identified at 24 to 31 months as late talkers, all of whom came from middle- to upper-class socioeconomic status (SES) families and had normal nonverbal ability and age-adequate receptive language at intake. Late...

  • Is There a Sex Ratio Difference in the Familial Aggregation of Specific Language Impairment? A Meta-Analysis. Whitehouse, Andrew J. O. // Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research;Aug2010, Vol. 53 Issue 4, p1015 

    Purpose: Specific language impairment (SLI) is known to aggregate in families. Debate exists on whether the male sex presents an additional risk for SLI. This meta-analysis examined whether there is a sex ratio difference in the risk for impairment among family members of an SLI proband and...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of VIRGINIA BEACH PUBLIC LIBRARY AND SYSTEM

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics