Perception of Phonemic Length and Its Relation to Reading and Spelling Skills in Children With Family Risk for Dyslexia in the First Three Grades of School

Pennala, Riitta; Eklund, Kenneth; Hämäläinen, Jarmo; Richardson, Ulla; Martin, Maisa; Leiwo, Matti; Leppänen, Paavo H. T.; Lyytinen, Heikki
June 2010
Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research;Jun2010, Vol. 53 Issue 3, p710
Academic Journal
Purpose: To examine the ability to discriminate phonemic length and the association of this ability with reading accuracy, reading speed, and spelling accuracy in Finnish children throughout Grades 1-3. Method: Reading-disabled (RDFR, n = 35) and typically reading children (TRFR, n = 69) with family risk for dyslexia and typically reading control children (TRC, n = 80) were tested once in each grade of Grades 1-3 using a phonemic length discrimination task. Reading, spelling, IQ, verbal short-term memory, phonological memory, and naming speed were assessed. Results: The RDFR group made more errors in phonemic length discrimination than the TRC group in Grades 2 and 3. After taking into account variance in verbal short-term memory, phonological memory, and naming speed, discrimination ability explained unique variance of spelling accuracy in Grades 2 and 3 and reading accuracy in Grade 3 in the RDFR group. At the individual level, in Grade 2, 31.4% of the RDFR group and 14.7% of the TRFR group performed below -1.25 SDs in the phonemic length discrimination task. Conclusion: Problems in phonemic length discrimination could be one of the accumulating risk factors affecting development leading to dyslexia.


Related Articles

  • Improvements in Spelling after QEEG-based Neurofeedback in Dyslexia: A Randomized Controlled Treatment Study. Breteler, Marinus H. M.; Arns, Martijn; Peters, Sylvia; Giepmans, Ine; Verhoeven, Ludo // Applied Psychophysiology & Biofeedback;Mar2010, Vol. 35 Issue 1, p5 

    Phonological theories of dyslexia assume a specific deficit in representation, storage and recall of phonemes. Various brain imaging techniques, including qEEG, point to the importance of a range of areas, predominantly the left hemispheric temporal areas. This study attempted to reduce reading...

  • Testing the Effectiveness of the Project Success Summer Program for Adult Dyslexics. Kitz, William Robert; Nash, Robert T. // Annals of Dyslexia;1992, Vol. 42, p3 

    The major purpose of this study was to test the effectiveness of the Project Success Summer Program (PSSP) for adult dyslexics. Using a pretest-posttest one-group design, the experimenter examined the effects of PSSP's intensive eight-week program on the reading and spelling test scores of...

  • Phonology, decoding, and lexical compensation in vowel spelling errors made by children with dyslexia. Bernstein, Stuart // Reading & Writing;Mar2009, Vol. 22 Issue 3, p307 

    A descriptive study of vowel spelling errors made by children first diagnosed with dyslexia ( n = 79) revealed that phonological errors, such as bet for bat, outnumbered orthographic errors, such as bate for bait. These errors were more frequent in nonwords than words, suggesting that lexical...

  • The Role of Morpheme Recognition and Morphological Awareness in Dyslexia. Elbro, Carsten; Arnbak, Elisabeth // Annals of Dyslexia;1996, Vol. 46, p209 

    This paper begins by presenting theoretical arguments and empirical evidence to support the idea that morpheme analysis strategies play a part in word recognition in reading, and in dyslexia in particular. The results of two studies are presented which indicate that dyslexic adolescents use...

  • Phoneme Awareness and Future Reading Ability. Mann, Virginia A. // Journal of Learning Disabilities;Apr1993, Vol. 26 Issue 4 

    Examines the relationship between phoneme awareness and future reading ability. Ways of measuring phoneme awareness; Reasons accountable for the difference in children's performance on phoneme segmentation; Factors that could influence spelling ability.

  • The double deficit hypothesis in the transparent Finnish orthography: a longitudinal study from kindergarten to Grade 2. Torppa, Minna; Parrila, Rauno; Niemi, Pekka; Lerkkanen, Marja-Kristiina; Poikkeus, Anna-Maija; Nurmi, Jari-Erik // Reading & Writing;Sep2013, Vol. 26 Issue 8, p1353 

    We examined the double deficit hypothesis (Wolf & Bowers, ) and literacy development in a longitudinal dataset of 1,006 Finnish children who were nonreaders at school entry. A single phonological awareness (PA) deficit was a predictor of pseudoword spelling accuracy and reading fluency, and a...

  • Hands Free Typing: How do Students with Dyslexia Benefit from Using the Speech Recognition Programme in Microsoft Word? Phayer, John // Reach;Jan2009, Vol. 22 Issue 2, p83 

    This article describes a study carried out to research the effectiveness of the Speech Recognition tool in Microsoft Word 2003 used by third level students with dyslexia. Eight students each studying a variety of courses took part in the experiment. At the same time they were registered on an...

  • Order short-term memory capacity predicts nonword reading and spelling in first and second grade. Binamé, Florence; Poncelet, Martine // Reading & Writing;Jan2016, Vol. 29 Issue 1, p1 

    Recent theories of short-term memory (STM) distinguish between item information, which reflects the temporary activation of long-term representations stored in the language system, and serial-order information, which is encoded in a specific representational system that is independent of the...

  • Phonemic awareness, spontaneous writing, and reading and spelling development from a preventive perspective. Frost, Jørgen // Reading & Writing;Sep2001, Vol. 14 Issue 5/6, p487 

    This study examined the nature of the relationship between phonemic awareness and reading and spelling development and focused particularly on the development of early self-directed writing. The spontaneous writing attempts of 44 first-graders were followed on 6 test occasions from the start of...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics