Extraction of the β-factor for single quantum dots coupled to a photonic crystal waveguide

Thyrrestrup, Henri; Sapienza, Luca; Lodahl, Peter
June 2010
Applied Physics Letters;6/7/2010, Vol. 96 Issue 23, p231106
Academic Journal
We present measurements of the β-factor, describing the coupling efficiency of light emitted by single InAs/GaAs semiconductor quantum dots into a photonic crystal waveguide mode. The β-factor is evaluated by means of time-resolved frequency-dependent photoluminescence spectroscopy. The emission wavelength of single quantum dots is temperature tuned across the band edge of a photonic crystal waveguide and the spontaneous emission rate is recorded. Decay rates up to 5.7 ns-1, corresponding to a Purcell factor of 5.2, are measured and β-factors up to 85% are extracted. These results prove the potential of photonic crystal waveguides in the realization of on-chip single-photon sources.


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