Bone Density among Adult Egyptians

Soliman, Nadia L.; El-Batran, Mona M.; Abou-Zeid, Ahmed Wael A.; El-Nofely, Aly A.
October 2009
Australian Journal of Basic & Applied Sciences;2009, Vol. 3 Issue 4, p4104
Academic Journal
Aim of this study was to assess bone mass density among adult Egyptians and to study its association with some anthropometric measurements. Across sectional sample was conducted and composed of 406 (102 men and 304 women) adult healthy participants aged from 20 -60 years. Anthropometric measurements (weight, height, skinfold thicknesses at three sites, bicromial and bicrestal breadths, mid upper arm and calf circumferences) were measured. Bone mineral density was measured by DEXA at three sites (lumber spine, femur neck and left forearm). Each sex was divided into four age subgroups. Results: The peak of bone mass density is achieved at first age group (20- 29.9) for men and at the second age group (30-39.9) for women. Gradual decrease of BMD after achieving the peak is observed in both sexes by age. Also, there was a significant correlation between bone density and the anthropometric measurements in all sites and in all age groups. In Conclusion: After achieving the peak of bone mass density, gradual decrease by age in both sexes. Presence of association between bone mineral density and body size i.e. larger body size, the greater bone mass density and finally local reference data base is mandatory for assessment of bone mass density for each population.


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