TITLE

Percutaneous radiofrequency ablation of small hepatocellular carcinoma invisible on both ultrasonography and unenhanced CT: a preliminary study of combined treatment with transarterial chemoembolisation

AUTHOR(S)
Lee, M. W.; Kim, Y. J.; Park, S. W.; Hwang, J. H.; Jung, S. I.; Jeon, H. J.; Kwon, W. K.
PUB. DATE
November 2009
SOURCE
British Journal of Radiology;Nov2009, Vol. 82 Issue 983, p908
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
The purpose of this study was to assess the feasibility and efficacy of percutaneous radiofrequency ablation combined with transarterial chemoembolisation (TACE) for the treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma that are invisible on both ultrasound and unenhanced CT. 73 patients with a total of 101 nodular hepatocellular carcinomas were referred for possible radiofrequency (RF) ablation. Of these, 14 lesions (14%) in 14 patients were invisible on both ultrasound and unenhanced CT. The invisible nodules averaged 1.2 cm in diameter (range, 0.8-2.0 cm; median, 1.1 cm). After segmental TACE, percutaneous RF ablation was performed if the index tumour was visible on fluoroscopy, ultrasound or CT. All cases of combined treatment were evaluated for size of ablative zone, complications, rate of technical effectiveness at 1- month follow-up CT and local tumour progression. After TACE, percutaneous RF ablation was technically feasible in 10 (71%) of the 14 nodules. RF ablation was performed with the guidance of fluoroscopy (n=6, 42%), ultrasound (n=2, 14%) or CT (n=2, 14%). The mean diameter of the ablative zone by percutaneous RF ablation combined with TACE was 4.8±0.7 cm and 3.4±0.6 cm in the long and short axis, respectively. No major complications were documented. The primary technical effectiveness rate for nodules treated by combined treatment was 100% (10/10) at 1- month follow-up CT. No local tumour progression was found during the follow-up period (median 15 months; range 4-20 months). Percutaneous RF ablation combined with TACE is a feasible and effective technique for treating small hepatocellular carcinomas that are not visible on ultrasound or unenhanced CT.
ACCESSION #
51363308

 

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