TITLE

CHEMICAL COMPOSITION AND NUTRITIONAL VALUE OF HEAT-TREATED AND COLD-PRESSED RAPESEED CAKE

AUTHOR(S)
Kaldmäe, Helgi; Leming, Ragnar; Kass, Marko; Lember, Aleksander; Tölp, Silvi; Kärt, Olav
PUB. DATE
March 2010
SOURCE
Veterinarija ir Zootechnika;2010, Vol. 49 Issue 71, p55
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Chemical composition of locally-produced heat-treated rapeseed cake (n=103) and cold-pressed (n=40) rapeseed cake was evaluated. Cold-pressed rapeseed cake (CPRC) was produced at a temperature 60-70°C and the heattreated rapeseed cake (HTRC) was processed at 100 °C for 20-25 minutes. CPRC contained less crude protein than HTRC (332 g/kg vs. 363 g/kg ) and fewer N-free extracts (282 g/kg and 320 g/kg), but more crude fat (158 g/kg and 111 g/kg), with a higher metabolizable energy content for ruminants (13.9 MJ/kg and 13.0 MJ/kg) and for pigs (15.2 MJ/kg and 14.6 MJ/kg, respectively). Heat treatment decreased glucosinolate concentrations in rapeseed and rapeseed cake - the content of hydroxyglucobrassicin was reduced by 72% and that of glucobrassicin by 75%. Heat treatment had no effect on organic matter digestibility in pigs. Ruminal degradability of HTRC protein was slow. Protein solubility of HTRC (fraction A) was 31.0%, while that of CPRC was 70.2%; effective degradability was 53.4% and 89.2%, respectively. It is concluded that heat treatment of rapeseed improves the protein quality of rapeseed cake.
ACCESSION #
51360442

 

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