Jukna, Ceslovas; Jukna, Vigilijus; Korsukovas, Audrius; Peciulaitiene, Nijole
March 2010
Veterinarija ir Zootechnika;2010, Vol. 49 Issue 71, p50
Academic Journal
The objective of this study work was to investigate the potential influence of Limuosin and Charolais bulls on Lithuanian Black-and-White cattle meat production and quality. Five groups of bulls, 18-20 per group, were selected. Two bull's offsprings were selected from each breed. It was shown, that the weight at the age of 500-days-old Lithuanian Black-and-White x Charolais crossbred offspring were by 47.0 kg or 10.0 % (p <0.001), and Lithuanian Black-and-White x Limousin crossbred by 15.0 kg or 3.2 % (p<0.05) higher than Lithuanian Black-and-White pure breed. Lithuanian Black-and-White x Limousin crossbred used by 10 MJ or 12.2 % less feed energy and Lithuanian Black-and-White x Charolais crossbreeds by 5 MJ or 6 % less feed energy compared to Lithuanian Black-and-White pure breed bulls. The influence of breed to yield of Lithuania Black-and-White crossbreds was different. A carcass yield of Lithuanian Black-and-White x Charolais crossbreeds was by 4.67 % (p<0.05), and Lithuanian Black-and-White x Limousin crossbreeds by 0.38 % (p<0.05) higher than Lithuanian Black-and-White pure breed cattle. A crossing had a positive influence to soft parts of yield from hip-thig of carcass, where are the most valuable meat by a nutrition position. A carcass yield of Lithuania Black-and-White x Limousin crossbred was by 2.34 % and Lithuanian Black-and- White x Charolais crossbred by 3.11 % higher compared to Lithuanian Black-and-White cattle. A crossing had significant influence on some indexes of meat. A meat pH of crossbreeds was by 0.94 higher (p<0.05), a colour of meat was darker (p<0.05), a lower water binding capacity, a meat was tender.


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