Spitting behaviour of hatchling red spitting cobras (Naja pallida)

Young, Bruce A.; Boetig, Melissa; Westhoff, Guido
October 2009
Herpetological Journal;Oct2009, Vol. 19 Issue 4, p185
Academic Journal
The article presents a study which investigated the defensive behavior manifested by red spitting cobra hatchlings which includes the amount and dispersal of the spat venom, the kinematics of the head during spitting and the distance of both the target and the spat venom. It is stated that hatchlings as compared with adults routinely spit at targets well beyond their effective spitting range. A high-speed digital video camera was used to characterize the kinematics during the expulsion of the venom.


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