TITLE

RACIAL DISPARITIES IN KNOWLEDGE OF STROKE AND HEART ATTACK RISK FACTORS AND WARNING SIGNS AMONG MICHIGAN ADULTS

AUTHOR(S)
Fussman, Chris; Rafferty, Ann P.; Reeves, Mathew J.; Zackery, Shannon; Lyon-Callo, Sarah; Anderson, Beth
PUB. DATE
April 2009
SOURCE
Ethnicity & Disease;Spring2009, Vol. 19 Issue 2, p128
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Objective: To describe the level of knowledge regarding risk factors and warning signs for stroke and heart attack among White and African American adults in Michigan and to quantify racial disparities. Methods: Knowledge of stroke and heart attack risk factors and warning signs was assessed by using data from the 2004 Michigan Behavioral Risk Factor Survey. Prevalence estimates of knowledge were generated, and statistical differences in knowledge between Whites and African Americans were assessed. Adequate knowledge was defined as knowing 3 correct warning signs or risk factors. Logistic regression models were used to quantify the racial disparity in knowledge while controlling for potential confounding. Results: Whites had substantially higher levels of adequate knowledge of risk factors (stroke: 31.6% vs 13.8%; heart attack: 52.6% vs 24.3%) and warning signs (stroke: 30.0% vs 17.2%; heart attack: 29.3% vs 13.8%) compared with African Americans (all observed differences were significant at P < .05). The odds of adequate knowledge of risk factors (stroke: adjusted odds ratio [AOR] 2.9; heart attack: AOR 3.4) and warning signs (stroke: AOR 2.0; heart attack: AOR 2.4) were significantly higher for Whites than for African Americans. Conclusion: A strong racial disparity in the knowledge of stroke and heart attack risk factors and warning signs exists among Michigan adults. Communitywide public education programs in conjunction with targeted interventions (or at-risk populations are necessary to produce meaningful improvements in the awareness of stroke and heart attack risk factors and warning signs among Michigan adults.
ACCESSION #
51202562

 

Related Articles

  • Lose your temper--and your life?  // Consumer Reports on Health;Aug95, Vol. 7 Issue 8, p88 

    Reports on a study of 100 men which found a positive relationship between the anger scores from a psychological test taken in their twenties and the likelihood of having a heart attack or a stroke during midlife.

  • Pneumococcal Vaccination and Risk of Acute Myocardial Infarction and Stroke in Men. Hung Fu Tseng; Slezak, Jeffrey M.; Quinn, Virginia P.; Sy, Lina S.; Van Den Eeden, Stephen K.; Jacobsen, Steven J. // JAMA: Journal of the American Medical Association;5/5/2010, Vol. 303 Issue 17, p1699 

    The article discusses a study which investigated the association between pneumococcal vaccination and risk of acute myocardial infarction (MI) and stroke among men. The researchers conducted a prospective cohort study of Kaiser Permanente Northern and Southern California health plans. Such...

  • No Cardiac Kidding. Levine, Amy Ruth // Sports Illustrated;01/29/2001, Vol. 94 Issue 4, p34 

    Addresses the correlation between deaths caused by heart attacks and strokes and fan celebration at sporting events. Study published by the 'British Medical Journal,' in December 2000 that discovered that such deaths rose by 50 percent following the 1996 European soccer championships;...

  • An egg a day...  // FDA Consumer;Jul/Aug99, Vol. 33 Issue 4, p5 

    Reports that a study found that eating one egg a day does not increase the risk for heart attacks or strokes. Involvement of the Brigham and Women's Hospital in the study; Number of women and men in the study; Risks posed by increased egg consumption on diabetics.

  • Sleepless Night May Lead To Heart Attacks Or Strokes, Study Suggests.  // Jet;03/08/99, Vol. 95 Issue 14, p23 

    Focuses on a study in the `American Journal of Hypertension'' linking lack of sleep to heart attacks and strokes. Explanation of the study; The finding that blood pressures and heart rates were higher on mornings after patients were deprived of sleep; Indication of a cycle of stress for people...

  • Salt Slip-Up.  // Nutrition Action Health Letter;Sep2011, Vol. 38 Issue 7, p8 

    The article discusses the result of a study related to heart disease which found that there is no connection between salt intake and the risk of heart attacks or strokes.

  • When it comes to BP, low may not be low enough. Moore, Amy Slugg // RN;Dec98, Vol. 61 Issue 12, p18 

    Cites a study which found that patients have the least risk of heart attack or stroke and dying from either, when their diastolic blood pressure is below the recommended level. Finding from the Hypertension Optimal Treatment study; Evaluation of the benefits of adding low-dose aspirin to a...

  • Aspirin prevents stroke, but not MI, in women.  // BMJ: British Medical Journal (International Edition);7/23/2005, Vol. 331 Issue 7510, p168 

    Presents the results of a study on the impact of aspirin on the risk for cardiovascular disease in women. Details of the study, which focused on middle-aged women with no history of cardiovascular disease; Details of the study's outcome; Report that aspirin reduces the risk of stroke and...

  • Folic-acid deficiency may be the cause of many MIs and strokes.  // Modern Medicine;Oct95, Vol. 63 Issue 10, p17 

    Reports on the statement by physician Judith Hall that folic-acid deficiency maybe the cause of many myocardial infarctions (MIs) and strokes in the United States. Link between folic-acid deficiency and heart disease; Other initial results of studies on protection of the heart from diseases.

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of THE LIBRARY OF VIRGINIA

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics