Nonuniformity of a planar polarizer for spin-transfer-induced vortex oscillations at zero field

Khvalkovskiy, A. V.; Grollier, J.; Locatelli, N.; Gorbunov, Ya. V.; Zvezdin, K. A.; Cros, V.
May 2010
Applied Physics Letters;5/24/2010, Vol. 96 Issue 21, p212507
Academic Journal
We discuss a possible mechanism of the spin-transfer-induced oscillations of a vortex in the free layer of spin-valve nanostructures, in which the polarizer layer has a planar magnetization. We demonstrate that if such planar polarizer is essentially nonuniform, steady gyrotropic vortex motion with large amplitude can be excited. The best excitation efficiency is obtained for a circular magnetization distribution in the polarizer. In this configuration, the conditions for the onset of the oscillations depend on the vortex chirality but not on the direction of its core.


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