Peluasan Makna Imbuhan Ber-: Analisis Semantik Kognitif

Jalaluddin, Nor Hashimah; Ahmad, Zaharani; Saad, Nurul Huda Mohd
January 2010
GEMA Online Journal of Language Studies;2010, Vol. 10 Issue 1, p103
Academic Journal
The prefix beR- is one of the affixes that are discussed widely in the Malay grammar book. Generally the descriptions on this prefix are fairly similar and sometimes overlapped. One of the important aspects about affixation is a study of meaning. Most grammarians agree that the prefix beR- denotes the meaning of 'self do', 'reflexives', 'reciprocate' and 'belonging'. Nevertheless, these meanings are superficially described whereas there are other meanings that can be further explored. Based on 5 million corpus data taken from UKM- DBP data bank which comprises of newspaper (Utusan Malaysia, Berita Harian, Harakah) magazines and books, the meaning of beR- can be explicated in detailed. The extension of meaning of the prefix beR- is explained within the cognitive semantics approach through the prototype theory and the radial network category model. Cognitive mechanisms such as action image scheme (movement, reflexive, reciprocal, and production), belonging image scheme, passive image scheme, psychology image scheme, and grouping image schema have been utilized successfully in explaining how the meaning extension works. Evidently, the process of meaning extension involving the prefix beR- operates systematically. The application of meaning extension has two domains, namely, main and peripheral domain. The difference of each domain contributes to the extension of meaning of the prefix beR- itself.


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