Patrick, David M.; Wong, Thomas; Jordan, Robbi A.
September 2000
Canadian Journal of Human Sexuality;2000, Vol. 9 Issue 3, p149
Academic Journal
This paper presents recent data on sexually transmitted infections (STI) in Canada and analyzes the current situation in relation to national goals for STI prevention set in 1997. While epidemiological trends at that time indicated that, with the exception of HIV, most of the reportable STIs were either slowly declining or close to elimination, recent trends are less favourable. The rate of decline in new HIV infections among adults appears to have levelled off. Similarly the number of reports of new HIV infections among men who have sex with men, which declined rapidly between .1995 and 1998 has also plateaued with a slight increase in 2000. The period since 1997 has also seen broadly-based Increases in the rates of chlamydia and gonorrhea and new localized outbreaks of outbreaks of infectious syphilis. In addition, recent daw for the nonreportable STIs suggest that large numbers of Canadians are infected with herpes simplex virus or human papilloma virus. Although STI vaccine research holds promise for the future, evidence-based primary prevention programs to promote and facilitate condom use and other safer sex practices remain key to STI reduction in Canada.


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