Work, the clinician-scientist and human biochemical genetics

Scriver, Charles R.
August 2001
Clinical & Investigative Medicine;Aug2001, Vol. 24 Issue 4, p179
Academic Journal
Mendelian, biochemical and molecular genetics together have revealed what lies behind the 4 canonical inborn errors described by Garrod (albinisn, alkaptonuria, cystinuria and pentosuria). Both older and newer ideas in genetics, new tools for applying them (and renewed respect for the clinician-scientist) will enhance our understanding of the human biological variation that accounts for variant states of health and overt disease. A so-called monogenic phenotype (phenylketonuria) is used to illustrate, in some detail, that all disease phenotypes are, in one way or another, likely to be complex in nature. What can be known and what ought to be done, with knowledge about human genetics, to benefit individuals, families and communities (society), is both opportunity and challenge.


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