Body Composition Characteristics of Primary School Deaf and Mentally Retardedd Pupils in Nigeria

Abass, Ademola Olasupo; Oladipo, 'Dele
February 2010
European Journal of Scientific Research;Feb2010, Vol. 40 Issue 3, p423
Academic Journal
This study compared percent body fat, body mass index (BMI) and body girth characteristics of deaf and mentally challenged primary school pupils in Ibadan metropolis, Nigeria. The ex-post facto research design was adopted for the study. Participants were made up of 100 deaf and mentally challenged pupils purposively selected from all the primary schools for deaf and mentally challenged pupils in Ibadan, Nigeria. The two groups were made up of 26 female and 24 male deaf and 24 male and 26 female mentally retarded participants respectively. Physical characteristics of age, height, and weight and body composition characteristics of percent body fat, body mass index and girth were measured and compared between the two groups. Mean, Standard deviation and independent t - test were used for data analysis. Results showed significant differences in girth (t= 28.75, P≤0.05) and % body fat (t=1.56. P≤0.05) characteristics of male deaf and mentally challenged subjects. Results also revealed significant differences in % body fat (t=1.25. P≤0.05), girth, (t=7.99 p≤0.05); and body mass index (t=2.32, P≤0.05) values of female deaf and mentally challenged participants. The pooled group comparison show a significant difference in % body fat (t=3.65, p≤0.05), and girth, (t=14.36 p≤0.05,), while no significant difference was recorded in body mass index characteristics. Based on the findings, it was suggested that adequate nutrition and exercise programme should be put in place for the deaf and mentally challenged in primary schools, with special attention to the mentally challenged children who are more at risk of hypokinetic diseases due to inactivity.


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