Insecticidal Activity of Essential Oils from Three Aromatic Plants on Callosobruchus Maculatus F. in Côte D'ivoire

Nondenot Aboua, Louis Roi; Seri-Kouassi, Badama Philomène; Koua, Hervé Kouakou
January 2010
European Journal of Scientific Research;Jan2010, Vol. 39 Issue 2, p243
Academic Journal
The insecticidal activity of essential oils extracted by hydro distillation from three aromatic plants from Côte d'Ivoire, Ageratum conyzoides L. (Asteraceae), Citrus aurantifolia Christm (Rutaceae) and Melaleuca quinquenervia L. (Myrtaceae) was tested by fumigation on the flightless form of the cowpea weevil, Callosobruchus maculatus F. Concentration of 6.7; 10; 16.7 and 33.3 µl/l were evaluated at a temperature of 27.5 ± 0.2 °C and at a relative humidity of 80.3 ± 1.6%. The chemical composition of the essential oils used was established by GC/MS analysis. These oils presented an insecticidal activity and induced, in the females of C. maculatus, a very significant reduction of lying (4.79±0.75 (C. aurantifolia), 3.75±0.28 (A. conyzoides) and 1.81±0.53 (M. quinquenervia) at the lower concentration (6.7 µl/l) compared to that in the control (51.23±0.32). The essential oils of M. quinquenervia with the LC50=3.09 µl/l was more effective than that of A. conyzoides (8.05 µl/l) and C. aurantifolia (6.89 µl/l).


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