TITLE

Validation of ELISA screening and LC—MS/MS confirmation methods for cocaine in hair after simple extraction

AUTHOR(S)
López, P.; Martello, S.; Bermejo, A. M.; De Vincenzi, Eleonora; Tabernero, M. J.; Chiarotti, M.
PUB. DATE
June 2010
SOURCE
Analytical & Bioanalytical Chemistry;Jun2010, Vol. 397 Issue 4, p1539
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
This article describes an easy and innovative extraction procedure for cocaine and its primary metabolite, benzoylecgonine (BE), from hair consisting of sonication with H2O/0.1% formic acid for 4 h. The same extract was used for screening with an enzyme-linked immunoassay (ELISA) and confirmation by liquid chromatography–tandem mass spectrometry (LC–MS/MS). For the ELISA screening test a cutoff of 0.5 ng/mg was used according to the Society of Hair Testing recommendations. LC–MS/MS limits of detection (LODs) were established to be 10 pg/mg and 1 pg/mg for cocaine and BE, respectively. Linearity was obtained over a range of 0.2–5 ng/mg for BE (target analyte) in the ELISA screening test, while in the LC–MS/MS method the range was 0.10–10 ng/mg for cocaine and 0.01–10 ng/mg for BE. Intra- and interbatch coefficients of variation and mean relative errors were less than 20% for all analytes and concentrations studied. The validated ELISA and LC–MS/MS methods were applied to 48 hair samples and the results of both methods were compared; ELISA demonstrated a sensitivity and specificity of 89.2% and 10.8%.
ACCESSION #
50870503

 

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